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APRIL, 1912 




V A 7 MAR 12 1921 



PRICE TEN CENTS 



The 




a 



Game Bf6 




Published Monthly 



CONTENTS 



Survey of the Field— Vale Amateur Sportsman — The Game Guild — The 
North American Association— The Breeder's Resolution — "More" Cats — 
The Divorce of Interests — What Bird Lore Says — What Professor 
Pearson Says— Hon. John B. Burnham— Pulling Together— The Guild 
and the Dealers— A Souvenir — Trapping Permits — "More" Rabbits — 
Breaking Up Covies — What An Advertiser Wrote. 



Why Our Game Vanishes 

Tagging Game 

A Big Game Farm 

Fish Food and Fish Culture 

Fish Pc.kiS 

A Mountain Ram and a $50 Fine 

The Boy Was in the W^ay 

Game Enemies — The Crow 



Dwight W^. Huntington 

Hon. M. H. Hoover 

Hon. J. B. Burnham 

A. A. Hill 

Professor L. L. Dyche 

A. H. Cordier, M. D. 

Recapper 

A Biological Investigation 

Press Telegrams 

By Our Readers 



Reports About Radford - 

Notes from the Game Farms and Preserves 

Game Cookery 

Editorials Scientific Opinions— Correspondence — Book Reviews 

Outings and Innings. 




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]E 




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0, 



> 




"THEY'VE GOT EM!" 



A Bird in the Bag is Better Than 



Two in the Bush. 



Sporting Powders Arc 
Always Dependable 

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shoots a Du Pont Sporting Powder which adds greatly to the 
enjoyment of hunting. 



He has no misgivings as to the quality of his powder — he 
relies upon its efficiency, for he realizes that it is 

The Result of 110 Years' Experience 

in making and selling powders adapted to all kinds of hunting. 

Ask your dealer for shells loaded with one of the Du Pont 
Sporting Powders. Insure a full game bag and a good day's sport 
by insisting upon getting these shells. 



L t. du Pont de Nemours Powder Co. 

Pioneer Powder Makers of America 
Established 1802 

Wilmington, Delaware 



fREE 



Send a postal asking 
for special information 
relating to the character- 
istics of each of the 
famous Du Pont Smoke- 
less Shotgun Powders : 

Infallible 

Ballistite 

Shultze 
E. C, Dupont. Empire 

Every sportsman should 
have these valuable 
books. Write to-day to 
Dept. 3?i4. 



i 



J 




THE GAME BREEDER 



SPRATT'S PATENT PHEASANT MEAL 

Should be fed to the pheasants from the day they arc hatched. To 
prevent mortality in the youngf flock, commence osingf Spratt's 
Patent Pheasant Meal. It rears strong and vigorous birds. 

We manufacture specially prepared 
foods for 

DOGS, PUPPIES, 

CATS, RABBITS, 

POULTRY, GAME, 

BIRDS, FISH, etc. 

Send stamp for **Dog Culture/* which contains much valuable information. 
" Pheasant Culture/* price 25c. Picture Post Cards of Prize Winning Dogs — 
3 series — 6 cards to a set, JOc. per series. 

SPRATT'S PATEINT LIMITED, 

Factory and Offices at NEWARK, N. J. 

Depots at San Francisco, Cal.; St. Louis, Mo.; Cleveland, Ohio; Montreal. Can. Res. Supt. at Chicago, III. 
New England Agency, Boston, Mass. Factories also in London, England, and Berlin, Qermany. 




Dog Foods 

MANUFACTURED BV THE 

Kennel Food Supply Company 

"K. F. S. Biscuit," With Meat " Pet Dog Biscuit " 
" Puppy Biscuits " " Cero-Meato " 

"Puppy Meal" "Canned Meat" 

"Plain Biscuits," (Broken) 



■THE FOOD WILL TELLz 



It not sold by your dealer, send for Catalogue 
and Samples. 

KENNEL FOOD SUPPLY CO., Fairfield, Conn. 

Give your dogs a change of foods. See them 
eat and watch results. 



POINTSETT KENNELS 

JACK SUTTON 

POINTERS SETTERS 

BEAQLES SPANIELS 

Thoroughly trained. Preparing your Shoot- 
ing dog or developing your Field Trial dogs a 
Specialty. Avoid risk and expense of sending 
your dog South. 

Plenty of quail on Long Island. 

Unusual facilities for training over private preserve. 
P.O.: EXPRESS STATION: 

MOUNT SINAI PORT lEffCRSON, lONG ISLAND, N. Y. 



Our Specialty is Stocking Private Preserves with 

Speckled Brook Trout 

Our stock is the outcome of years of scientific breeding of the real mountain brook- 
trout, which all fishermen know is the gamiest of the species. Inspect our stock, get 
our prices, and then you will know why we are the leading producers. Safe delivery 
guaranteed. 

SANDWICH TROUT CO., Sandwich, Mass. 



In writing to advertisers please mention The Game Rrcedcr or sign your Inters: "Yours for More Game." 



ii THE GAME BREEDER 



MORE GAME AND Hnfie C^ T<*» A °^^ DOLLAR PER YEAR 

FEWER GAME LAWS 1 . . Vj^ITlC OrCCQClT SINGLE COPIES JO CENTS 



The Game Conservation Society, Publishers, have planned a magazine which 
will be devoted to game and game fish, "from the &g% to the kitchen." A maga- 
zine for farmers, sportsmen, dealers in live and dead game, hotel-keepers, and all 
Others who are interested in game either for sport or for profit. 

While propagation and the practical protection of game will occupy much 
space, there will be many entertaining stories of shooting and fishing, especially in 
places where the shooting and fishing are worth while. The magazine will continue 
to urge a reform in the game laws in States which have not amended their laws 
so as to encourage game breeding. 

Since game and game fish rapidly are becoming plentiful in many places where 
the laws have been reformed so as to encourage the industry of game breeding, it 
becomes important to know how to cook and serve these desirable foods. There 
will be a department on game cookery. 

There will be much about the gun-dogs used in taking game and also about 
the dogs used in protecting game. 

STATE GAME DEPARTMENTS. 

A series of important articles about the State Game Departments (what they 
are doing and what they should do) will be an important feature of the magazine 
during the years 1912 and 1913. These articles will be written by skilled writers, 
instructed to tell the sportsmen and others interested just what the departments 
are doing. Needed reforms will be pointed out, and while these articles will be 
critical there will be no "muck raking," the object of the magazine being to 
aid and not to hinder, to be helpful and not destructive. 



AMERICAN GAME CLUBS AND PRESERVES. 

There will be a series of handsomely illustrated articles on American Game 
Clubs and Preserves. Many interesting places have been visited by those who are 
preparing these articles, and the reader will be surprised to learn that thousands 
of quail are shot every year on each of a number of preserves, which will be de- 
scribed in early issues of The Game Breeder. 

The publishers have secured the services of Dwight W. Huntington as 
Editor of The Game Breeder. Mr. Huntington is a leader of the progressives in 
sport, thoroughly understands all about game breeding, and he will contribute a 
series of articles which will be well worth preserving. The magazine has been made 



THE GAME BREEDER iii 



MORE GAME AND l^LlCi -#-»-% t<*»/> M ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR 

FEWER GAME LAWS 1 . . Vj^ITlC I^TC'C'CX^T SINGLE COPIES JO CENTS 



of a suitable size for binding, because it will be filled with practical and instructive 
matter which the readers no doubt will wish to bind. 

At the suggestion of Mr. Charles Hallock, an editorial chair will be reserved 
for Radford, who will relate some interesting adventures when he returns from the 
Arctic regions. 

A HISTORY OF THE "MORE GAME" MOVEMENT. 

Its peculiar start, and its progress up to date, will be interesting to all who 
believe that it will prove Mr, Huntington's contention, that, 

" It should be an easy matter to make North America the biggest 
game producing country in the world." 

NOTES FROM DEPARTMENTS AND CLUBS. 

The articles about the State Game Departments and about the clubs and 
preserves will be supplemented by interesting notes about the departments and what 
they are doing, and many notes from the game clubs and preserves written by 
■clubmen and game keepers. 

The first issue of the magazine goes to several thousand men who are actively 
interested in practical game preserving for sport, and to several hundred breeders 
in the United States and Canada who are rearing game for profit. 

FISH 

Fish breeding and angling and fish cooking will be given much prominence 
and there will be many authoritative articles on these subjects during the year. 

It is an age of specialists, and The Game Breeder will always aim to be the 
leader in its chosen field. While it may not have much to say about motor 
boats or motor vehicles and yachts, it by no means follows that the makers and 
dealers should not advertise them in The Breeder. It is evident that it will have 
from the start the highest class of subscribers in the sporting field. 

During the year it will reach many thousands of sportsmen who are able to 
do things of importance and who can buy things. 

Since the editors wish to keep in touch at all times with the small breeders, 
the game keepers and others who know most about game, the price of the magazine 
has been made low in order that every one may take it. 



Per Year, $1.00. Single Copies, 10 Cents 



THE GAME CONSERVATION SOCIETY, Publishers, 150 Nassau Street, NEW YORK 




Governor Dix 

Whose conservation policy with reference to 
utilization of the State waters is being carried 
out by the Conservation Commission 





George E. Van Kennen 
Chairman, Conservation Commission 




James W, Fleming 



'(Donservation Corflmissiorier, Division of Fish 
and Game 

GOVERNOR DIX AND THE NEW YORK CONSERVATION COMMISSIONERS 



; , John D. Mqojie. . 

Conservation Commissioner, Division of Inland^ 
Waters 



T^! Game Breeder 



VOLUME I 



APRIL, i9i2 



NUMBER J 



SURVEY OF THE FIELD 



Vale Amateur Sportsman. 

M'ith the passing of the "Amateur 
Sportsman" the field for a magazine de- 
voted largely to the interests of the pro- 
gressives in sport, especially those who 
believe in propagating game and game 
fish, was left vacant. "The Game 
Breeder" is designed to fill this import- 
ant field and it is fortunate in having 
a name far more suggestive of its work 
than the name Amateur Sportsman was. 
The more-gamists throughout America, 
sending letters of regret at the passing 
)otf the old publication, hail thfe 'new 
magazine devoted to game breeding in 
language most gratifying to publishers 
and editors, and the substantial cheques 
inclosed indicate that the new publication 
will be successful from the start. A 
few of the letters from old readers and 
advertisers are printed on the corre- 
spondence page. 

The Game Guild. 

By far the most important happening 
of the month was the formation of the 
Game Guild, an association of sports- 
men, farmers, dealers in live and dead 
game and inn-keepers. The Guild is in 
the nature of a trade organization in- 
tended to look after the interests of 
game breeders and the dealers in live 
and dead game. It will require fair 
dealing, will investigate complaints, and 
insist that the game owned by its mem- 
bers and other breeders be freely sold 
and transported, alive for propagation 
and as food when properly identified. It 
believes that American breeders should 
have the same rights and encouragement 
which are now given by the New York- 
law to foreign owners of game. 

The North American Association. 

The Annual Meeting of the North 
American Fish and Game Protective As- 



sociation, previously called for the 26th 
and 27th of March, in Boston, has been 
postponed to the 24th and 25th of April, 
the first mentioned dates having been 
found inconvenient for many members. 
Mr. E. T. D. Chambers, the secretary 
writes that a circular programme will be 
issued later. Since the important meet- 
ing held in Philadelphia, when the as- 
sociation adopted a "more game" reso- 
lution, Massachusetts has become one 
of the most progressive of the "more 
game" states. The action of the associa- 
tion, in passing the resolution, no doubt, 
aided the work in Massachusetts mate- 
rially. 

The Breeders' Resolution. 

The resolution adopted by the North 
American Association is similar to the 
resolution adopted by the Breeders' As- 
sociation the year before, at its meeting 
in Missouri, and it is interesting to relate 
that the Game Guild unanimously adopt- 
ed the resolution at its meeting last 
week. The resolution is as follows: 

Resolved, That state laws regulating 
shooting, possession and handling of game 
should be amended so as to permit the sale 
of live game for propagation at all times. 
That hand-reared game and game reared 
in a wild state by breeders (including 
farmers) should be distinguished by law 
so that such preserved game can be sold 
legally under state regulations, except dur- 
ing the breeding season. 

This became the platform of "The 
Amateur Sportsman." It is to-day the 
platform of "The Game Breeder." 

"More" Cats. 

The following is from the Wilmington 
"News" : 

Every afternoon just before twilight a 
row of cats of all ages, stages, gauges, 
breeds, tribes and then a few other kinds 
thrown in to sort of even up the balance of 
things, can be seen in the yard next to St. 
.\ndrew's Church, at Eighth and Shipley 



THE GAME BREEDER 



streets. All of them are squeezed as close 
to the wall of the church building as they 
can get, and there they lie in wait for 
sparrows which infest the creeping vines 
that grow all over the wall of the church 
■on the south side. Every moment or so 
some luckless sparrow alights too near the 
ground or chirps too loud, and some cat 
immediately makes a running jump up the 
vine, and before the bird can fly from un- 
der the leaves it is cat food. Sometimes as 
many as twenty cats can be seen in a row 
watching for their evening meal of birds. 

Some steel traps and the judicious use 
of an automatic shot gun have reduced 
the numbers of the cats which frequent- 
ed the grounds of The Game Breeders' 
Association, w^ith the result that the 
quail and other game birds nest in safety 
and multiply accordingly. One "corkin" 
big tabby went off home hitched to a 
trap, but the matter was amicably ad- 
justed since the feline evidently was a 
trespasser when it "got its foot in it." 

The Divorce of Interests. 

Old readers of "The Amateur Sports- 
man" will recall the inquiry made by that 
publication as to the attitude of the Na- 
tional Association of Audubon Societies 
towards field sports. It seemed evident 
that many members of the association 
did not approve of killing anything, and 
the active part always taken by the asso- 
ciation, when restrictive legislation was 
urged, raised a doubt as to the position 
the association would take when laws 
prohibiting shooting at all times or for 
long terms would be proposed. 

"The Amateur Sportsman" suggested 
that the song birds and the wild food 
birds required different handling; that 
laws prohibiting the killing of song and 
insectivorous birds at all times were, of 
course, excellent, but that similar laws 
were not satisfactory either to sportsmen 
and game dealers, or to arms and am- 
munition manufacturers, when applied to 
game. It was suggested that the Audu- 
bons had enough to do in protecting the 
songsters, and that the edible species 
might well be looked after by an inde- 
pendent national association of sports- 
men. The suggestion may have had 
something to do with the formation of 
The American Game Protective and 
Propagation Association, which is now 
a most influential organization. 



What ';^Bird Lore" Says. 

Mr. Frank M. Chapman, the treasurer 
of the Audubon Association and the 
editor of "Bird-Lore," the official organ 
of the Audubon Societies, in an able 
editorial, says : 

In view of the fact that the National As- 
sociation of Audubon Societies, as we think, 
very properly refused to administer the 
sum of $25,000 annually for the seasonal 
protection of game birds on behalf of the 
arms and ammunition companies of this 
country, it is a satisfaction to know that, 
through the formation of the American 
Game Protective and Propagation Associa- 
tion, this large amount of money is not 
to be lost to the cause of bird protection. 
This organization is composed mainly of 
sportsmen, and its object is primarily not 
only to prevent the decrease but to pro- 
mote the increase of game birds, to the end 
that their shooting may not tend to 
diminish the supply. 

It is needless to say that many members 
of the Audubon Societies do not approve 
of the killing of game birds under any con- 
ditions; and for this reason, if for no others, 
it was not possible for the National Asso- 
ciation to become the agents of the donors 
of the fund in question. But we must deal 
with man in the light of his inheritance and 
not expect the rank and file to measure up 
to the highest standard thus far attained. 
If the past, through the present, throws any 
light toward the future, beyond question the 
most humane-minded have reason to be en- 
couraged. In the meantime, recognizing 
the imperfections of human nature, let the 
most tender-hearted sentimentalist join 
hands with the less sympathetic but pos- 
sibly more practical sportsman in every 
honest effort to preserve wild life. 

What Professor Pearson Says. 

Professor Pearson,' the secretary of 
the National Association of Audubon 
Societies, also has written an excellent 
editorial about the new Protective and 
Propagation Association. He gives 
credit to the arms and ammunition men, 
praises their generosity and says "the 
association is in no way tied to any 
business interests but is free to use its 
influence unrestricted for the broad and 
worthy cause for which it was or- 
ganized." 

Hon. John B. Burnham. 

Mr. Burnham is the president and ex- 
ecutive oflicer of the American Game 
Protective and Propagation Association 
and, as Professor Pearson says, "he is 
a practical game protector and a man 



THE GAME BREEDER 



whose personality has made a forceful 
impression on the people of the state." 
He was for many years connected with 
the Forest, Fish and Game Commission 
oi New York. 

A Souvenir. 

The New York State Conservation 
Commission presented a little illustrated 
pamphlet, as a souvenir, at its booth in 
the Sportsman's Show, w^here live pheas- 
ants from the state game farm were ex- 
hibited. On the cover were printed the 
familiar words : "Fewer Laws ; More 
Fish and Game." "With that popular 
slogan the Conservation Commission 
is in hearty accord," says the pamphlet. 
It is fortunate that the commission is 
planned to be somewdiat permanent. It 
takes time to solve the problems of game 
and fish propagation and the best meth- 
ods of making these interesting foods 
abundant and cheap. The attitude of 
the commission certainly seems friendly 
towards the game breeders and it is in 
striking contrast to that of its predeces- 
sor. If the legislature will grant to the 
commission the same right that the 
Massachusetts Commission has to grant 
permits to breeders the Commission, un- 
doubtedly, will gladly encourage the 
propagation of game. 

The Guild and the Dealers. 

It would seem that the two great as- 
sociations above named should cover the 
entire field of l)ird and game protection 
and propagation ; but the American As- 
sociation, which deals with game, has de- 
clared that it favors free shooting, (The 
Guild also favors this on public waters 
and wherever it is practical) and, in the 
transition from game-law chaos to sane 
conservation and game abundance, 
there is so much foolish prejudice 
against the dealers, preserve owners 
and breeders that it seems highly 
proper they should have a guild 
formed especially to look after their 
interests. Neither of the big Na- 
tional Associations are equipped to 
handle controversies between sportsmen 
and dealers in live and dead game. Dis- 
putes have been referred to the editor 
for settlement which should be settled 
bv an association, in the nature of a 



trade organization. The first number of 
this magazine will go to over 2,000 
sportsman game breeders and to several 
hundred commercial game breeders. The 
Guild should join the American Asso- 
ciation as other state and local associa- 
tions have and it no doubt will. 

Pulling Together. 

Although the song bird and game bird 
interests are divorced, and are now rep- 
resented by two influential associations, 
it will be observed that harmony prevails 
and that the two associations will pull 
nicely together when sane legislation is 
sought. The Audubons can count on 
the Protectors and Propagators to help 
them save and increase the numbers of 
the songsters and the insect-eaters and 
the Protectors and Propagators can feel 
assured that the Audubons will not insist 
that the wild food birds shall be included 
in song-bird legislation. As Mr. Chap- 
man well said, "the most tender-hearted 
sentimentalist can join hands with the 
less sympathetic but possibly more prac- 
tical sportsman in every honest effort to 
preserve wild life." 

Trapping Permits — "More" Rabbits. 

The New York "Globe" printed a 
telegram,, recently, from Lockport, N. 
Y., which stated that Daniel T. Mc- 
Carthy, a nurseryman, advertised for 
hunters to shoot rabbits on his estate. 
"I'm a poor shot," said McCarthy, "and 
the rabbits have been multiplying with- 
out subtraction." 

It occurs to the survey that Hoover, 
Chief of Publication of the New York 
Conservation Commission, comes from 
up Lockport way. Here is a chance for 
the commission to suggest a short 
amendment to the laws permitting the 
trapping of game of all sorts in order 
to remove it from places where it is not 
desirable to places where it is desirable. 
It would be a shocking waste to shoot 
rabbits in the Spring. But the state 
bunny should not, of course, be permit- 
ted to eat up the nurseryman's young 
trees. 

Breaking up Covies. 

The foregoing reminds us that covies 
of quail or partridges do far better if 



THE GAME BREEDER 



they are broken up and the birds are dis- 
tributed in the Spring to prevent in- 
breeding. A short amendment to the 
law giving the commission power to 
grant permits to land owners to trap 
game to be distributed for propagation 
should promptly be introduced and en- 
acted. The Game Breeders' Association 
will give the nurseryman $6 per dozen 
for his rabbits F. O. B. No doubt, 
however, some sportsman in the county 
would like to have them. If so the 
commission should grant a permit to 
transplant them somewhere in the 
vicinity. The commission certainly 
should have the power to regulate all 
such matters. It has plenty of wardens 
who could supervise the work. 

What An Advertiser Wrote. 

Mr. Warren R. Leach, proprietor of 
Elkhart Park, Rushville, Illinois, 
wrote : 

'T have just returned from West Vir- 
ginia where I delivered a car of elk and 
while there I learned that "The Amateur 
Sportsman" was to be turned into a 
general sporting paper. This policy, if 
carried out, ruins the magazine from my 
standpoint." An order for an advertise- 
ment in "The Game Breeder" and a long 
list of persons who would be interested 
in securing it constitute Mr. Leach's 
first contribution to our new magazine. 



NOTES FROM THE GAME 
FARMS AND PRESERVES 

A fine lot of mallards were on the dock 
one day last week ready to go to the 
Clove Valley club. Several duck clubs 
have decided that it was highly desirable 
to have new blood from abroad, since 
most of the ducks in America are relat- 
ed, the original strain coming from 
Netherby Hall. - 

Two, and possibly three, great game 
farms are planned for this year besides 
many smaller ones, and it seems likely 
that one or more of them will be located 
quite near New York. The editor of 
"The Game Breeder" was consulted by 
all of those who propose to engage in 
the new industry and, of course, the new 
farms will be advertised when they start 
or ■ even before, in one case, it seems 
likely. Since the grounds have not been 



secured and there are some other details 
to be worked out we have been asked not 
to mention names- or give the matter 
much publicity for another month. Truly 
the "more game" fight, won by "The 
Amateur Sportsman," has produced 
good results. 

One of the plans proposed is outlined 
briefly as "a corporation for the purpose 
of importing, exporting, breeding and 
dealing in wild animals and birds in un- 
limited numbers." "We are figuring on 
handling," the writer says, "and will 
especially push the game end of this 
business. Our idea is to import all of 
the game birds and animals we can pos- 
sibly obtain in other countries and to sell 
the same for propagation." 

Seven or eight of the largest English 
dealers have written to the editor to say 
that they could not furnish all or certain 
kinds of game called for by American 
dealers, game farmers and preserve own- 
ers this season. The demand for mal- 
lards has been especially strong and this 
was due partly no doubt to the incentive 
given to mallard breeding by Mr. Hunt- 
ington's book "Our Wild Fowl and 
Waders." Recently (within a few days 
in fact) a letter came from one who said 
that he had decided to undertake ducks 
after reading the book which he praised 
in high terms. He wishes to subscribe 
for "The Breeder."_ 

Mr. Fitch of Abercrombie and Fitch 
(the leading dealers in everything a 
sportsman or Angler could wish) writes 
that he, too, was much pleased with the 
wild fowl book and that he believes 
game breeding has received a great im- 
petus by the "more game" movement is 
evidenced by a two page advertisement 
in this issue. The beautiful catalogues 
published by this firm, no doubt, in the 
future will list all of the various ap- 
pliances used by breeders, game farmers 
and preserve owners. 

Mr. A. Silz whose advertisement ap- 
pears on another page will be glad to 
correspond with the owners of game 
.farms and preserves with a view to 
marketing the dead game. It is evident 
that this year .all of the game will not 
come from abroad. 



. THE GAME BREEDER 



WHY OUR GAME VANISHES 

By Dwight W. Huntington 
Author of "Our Feathered Game;" "Our Wild Fowl & Waders," etc. 



Before proceeding to a discussion of 
the needed reform in the American game 
laws and the proper methods which 
should be used to make game abundant, 
and cheap in the markets, it seems well 
to ascertain why our game vanishes. 
Some of the matter in this article may 
seem to be repetitious to old "Amateur 
Sportsman" readers but the "Game 
Breeder" has a large and new audience 
€ager to know what is the matter. 

The governor of a New England state 
told me not long ago that about one- 
tenth of the legislation in his state re- 
lated to game. In another state over 
eighty game bills became laws at one ses- 
sion of the legislative assembly, and 
many more which were introduced and 
■debated, failed on their passage : and so 
it is throughout America — our game 
legislation, .everywhere, seems to be ex- 
cessive. 

But when we inquire how fares the 
game? we are told that it seems to he 
vanishing everywhere. Evidently there 
is something wrong. Even the children 
now read in a biology used in the public 
schools of New York, that although the 
prairie grouse is protected for eleven 
tnonths of the year, this splendid bird 
is "doomed to extinction." I claim it 
is "doomed" to abundance. 

Whenever the extirpation of American 
game is discussed the writer or lecturer 
^gins, usually, by contrasting the form- 
er tremendous abundance of the wild 
food birds (when turkeys sold for 25c. 
and apprentices in the north and slaves 
in the south were protected in contracts 
from a game diet) with their present 
scarcity and continued diminution. Often 
an appeal is made for more funds to 
secure more laws to further restrict the 
shooting or handling of game. It is 
fashionable to refer to the passing of 
the bison and the pigeon in order to em- 
phasize the need for more money to 
secure more laws. The fact that we 



have a thousand more laws than any 
country which has game seems to be 
overlooked. Millions of dollars are ex- 
pended annually in the effort to save the 
game, but the game continues to vanish. 

.A recent report of the Bison Society, 
informs us that this interesting animal 
has shown an increase in numbers dur- 
ing the past few years. The reason 
given for the increase is significant. The 
few bison which were alive when the as- 
sociation was formed have been properly 
looked after by individuals in private 
parks and also in some public parks or 
reservations which were created at the 
suggestion of the association. The 
owners look after their "buffalo" in the 
private parks because it pays to do so. 
These animals are quoted in a breeder's 
advertisement at $200 to $400 each. The 
bison in public parks are cared for at 
public expense. The point I wish to 
emphasize is that our multitudinous 
game laws have not been relied on to 
save the bison. The last herd of these 
animals (running wild) became extinct 
after the state in which they occurred 
had enacted a statute prohibiting the 
shooting of them at all times. Restric- 
tive legislation could go no further. 

If any one should donate a million 
bison to Montana or to any of the other 
states, where I have shot bison in good 
numbers, they could not be introduced 
and made a sporting animal for the very 
good reason that the lands which they 
occupied are now used for ranches and 
farms and the food produced is need- 
ed for other animals — the cattle and the 
sheep. 

There are good reasons why our wild 
food birds vanish and why they must 
continue to vanish if we rely only on 
game laws to save them, and if no one 
looks after them properly. All of the 
species tend to increase their numbers in 
a marvellous manner. The ratio of in- 
crease is geometrical. One pair of quail 



THE GAME BREEDER 



(the bobwhites) if its increase be en- 
tirely unchecked, would produce over six 
million quail in eight years, provided the 
annual egg clutch be only twelve to each 
pair. Often it is much larger. The in- 
crease in the number of these birds is 
checked by their many natural enemies 
(foxes, hawks, crows, weasels, minks, 
coons, snakes, owls and others and in 
settled regions the roving cats and dogs 
are said to do even more harm than the 
vermin named does. When any shoot- 
ing is permitted, the sportsmen shoot the 
birds which nature intended should be 
left to restock the fields and woods. In 
other words we are shooting our stock 
fowls or breeders. There are several 
million sportsmen and gunners in the 
United States and it is evident when any 
shooting is permitted, even if the bag- 
limit per gun be small, nature's balance 
is upset in the wrong direction because 
the guns are an additional or extraor- 
dinary check to the increase of the num- 
bers of the birds. When shooting is 
permitted, it is absolutely necessary to 
remove some of the natural checks to^ the 
increase of game in order to make a 
place for the guns. This can be done by 
the industry of game farmers and sports- 
men as it is in all countries which have 
game in abundance. This is what the 
able ornithologi.st, Mr. Chapman, had 
in mind, nO' doubt, when he referred to 
the "more practical sportsman" in an 
able editorial in "Bird Lore." It follows 
that such industry should be encouraged 
and not prevented by legislation. 

The draining of the marshes and the 
destruction of their nesting places seri- 
ously affects the breeding of the wild 
fowl and the upland game is known to 
suffer from a loss of its natural cover 
and foods due to the close cultivation of 
the farms. The prairie grouse, for ex- 
ample, has been deprived of the protect- 
ing wild grasses where it nested in 
comparative safety and of the wild rose 
hips which formed a large part of its 
winter food when other foods were 
buried in the snow. Farm machinery 
destroys many nests, also, and none of 
these fatal checks to increase are affected 
by the laws restricting field sports and 
prohibiting the sale and transportation 
of game. 



A peculiar notion prevails throughout 
America that foreign game birds are 
better than our own birds are because 
the first named remain plentiful in their 
native lands notwithstanding the fact 
that the markets are full of game during- 
a long open season. But the imported 
pheasants and partridges have not 
thrived when liberated in America ex- 
cepting in a few places where they have 
been properly looked after and protected 
from vermin. The truth of the matter 
is that our indigenous wild food birds- 
are the best for America because they 
are suited to their environment and are 
better equipped tO' escape from their nat- 
ural enemies than the imported birds are- 
The foreign birds for centuries have 
been reared in places where vermin is 
controlled and since large numbers of 
them, which have been introduced in 
some of the states, have disappeared as 
if by magic, it is evident they are an 
easy prey to foxes, hawks, crows, and 
other natural enemies, which in most 
places are superabundant. 

The wild-breeding, foreign, grouse 
and partridges remain plentiful in their 
native heather and stubble because they 
are properly looked after, their enemies 
are controlled and when they become too- 
abundant for their natural food supply, 
additional food is provided for them by" 
game keepers. The semi-domesticated 
hand-reared pheasants and mallards are 
abundant for the same reason that poul- 
try is abundant. The methods of pro- 
duction are similar. In all countries 
which have an abundance of game, 
nature's balance may be said to be upset 
in the right direction, while in America,, 
as I have observed, it is upset, contin- 
ually, in the wrong direction. In coun- 
tries which have game in abundance, the 
birds are properly looked after not only 
by sportsmen of large means who own 
big estates, but also by s)mdicates of 
sportsmen of small means formed to- 
share the expense of the necessary pro- 
tection. There are, besides, many com- 
mercial game farms, and game farming- 
within the last few years has become a 
highly profitable industry. Hotels, also, 
often maintain shooting grounds where 
the people find the game abundant be- 
cause it is properly looked after. The 



THE GAME BREEDER 



game is protected in every case because 
it pays to do so. Were the American 
game laws, which prevent such industry 
apphed to the foreign game birds, they 
would vanish fully as rapidly as the 
game does in America. 

There are records of people being 
arrested for having game birds in their 
possession for propagation and for 
shipping- live birds for such purpose. 
Fortunately, however, many state game 
•officers are beginning to realize that such 
arrests do not tend to increase our game 
supply and in some of the states the laws 
have been amended so as to encourage 
the production of game by breeders. 

Hundreds of American game farmers 
and breeders are now engaged in the 
new industry and their numbers are 
increasing most rapidly, of course, in 
states where the laws favor their in- 
dustry. Although some of the game 
farms may appear to be running in vio- 
lation of the law,' it no longer is the 
fashion to arrest their owners or to seize 
their live birds in transit. There has 
"been a country-wide movement in favor 
•of "more game" and fewer game laws 
and this has been recognized by many 
of the state game departments which 
have conceded the fact that the laws 
should be amended so as to encourage 
and not to prevent game breeding. 

Having been a close observer of the 
•effect of this movement in many states, 
where the game laws have been amend- 
•ed, I predict that the United States soon 
will become the biggest game producing 
country in the world. The statement 
may seem to be over-optimistic, but I 
cannot think so. I know breeders of 
game who last season produced many 
thousands of birds and they have in- 
formed me that they could not possibly 
fill their orders. One of the biggest 
English game farmers, who usually has 
thousands of birds and eggs, wrote me 
that he could not supply any wild ducks 
this season and mentioned the fact that 
many birds and eggs were being shipped 
to America. Since the New York mar- 
l<et recently has been opened to the sale 
of foreign game, and some home-bred 
species, as food, and the profits in the 
new industry are, of course, large, it 
■seems evident that many new game- 



farmers and clubs or syndicates of 
sportsmen will undertake game breeding 
for the ver}^ good reason that it will pay 
to do SO'. Many tons of game will be 
produced in the vicinity of New York 
the coming season. One of the largest 
game farms, owned by Wenz & Mac- 
kensen, is in Pennsylvania. There are 
others in the West; and the number 
of these will be increased, no doubt, as 
soon as local laws permit their owners to 
ship the food which they produce to the 
New York market, where, of course, the 
prices are the best. 

A few days ago a man from a western 
state called to see me, and said that he 
would sell this year many thousands of 
live quail for propagation. Two years 
ago he would have been arrested had he 
been caught shipping one! 

I have been interested actively in 
several places in some important experi- 
ments (with our indigenous game and 
also with some of the introduced species) 
which prove conclusively that our game 
birds easily may be restored, and made 
profitably abundant. The foreign spe- 
cies also, which lend themselves to hand- 
rearing, notably the pheasants and mal- 
lards, can be made tremendously 
abundant on comparatively small areas 
of land, which to-day are worth little 
or nothing. All this can be accomplished 
in a remarkably short time. One of the 
experiments to which I have referred, 
included the restoration of the wild 
turkey and the breeding of these fowls, 
in a wild state and in captivity, on some 
farms where they had been extinct for 
many years; the restoration of the quail 
(bobwhite) and the breeding of hjundreds 
of these valuable food birds in fields 
where their natural enemies were con- 
trolled ; the introduction of mallards and 
black ducks on ponds where these fowl 
had not been seen for years, and our 
experiment resulted in the shooting of a 
very good bag of these birds, and a few 
hundred pheasants, besides, within nine 
months of the date when the experi- 
ments were begun. 

During the coming season, all of the 
above named birds and some additional 
species will be multiplied on a much 
larger scale on a number of game farms 
and preserves, which I visit, and since. 



8 



THE GAME BREEDER 



as I have observed, the laws have been 
amended so as to permit the sale of some 
species of game, and there seems to be 
no objection to selling eggs, I predict 
that such sales will go a long way to- 
wards offsetting the dues of the Game 
Breeders' Association, and similar clubs 
in a few years ; those interested in the 
experiment, also, should secure enough 
desirable food for their tables to fully 
offset the amount of their dues. 

At the first annual meeting and ban- 
quet of the Game Breeders' Association, 
Mr. Ernest Thompson Seton declared 
that he had been converted to the idea 
that the way to encourage game breeding 
was "to cornmercialize it.'' 

My photographic records of experi- 



ments made last year with game will be 
largely added to the coming breeding 
season (April and May), and these will 
be made public to illustrate a story of 
the remarkable work now going on in 
many places. The work is being done 
by sportsmen and naturalists who favor 
the increase of game rather than the 
further increase of the game laws which 
have prevented the industry of game 
breeding. 

Since the reason why our game van- 
ishes is apparent and we know how to 
make it again plentiful the "more game"' 
fight seems to have been won and all 
that remains to be done is to study the 
details of the game industry. This wilE 
be done bv "The Game Breeder." 



TAGGING GAME 

By M. H. Hoover 

Chief of Bureau of Publication of the Conservation Commission of 

New York 

[The revenue of twenty thousand dollars referred to by Mr. Hoover was almost entirely derived from the 
sale of foreign game. Since the tags cost five cents each it seems evident that hundreds of ihoWbands of 
dollars were sent abroad. The game should be produced in America.— Editor.! 



The tagging of game came into vogue 
at the time of the passage of the so- 
called Bayne Bill, which became a law 
at the last session of the Legislature. 
This measure prohibits the sale of all 
kinds of game native to the State of 
New York, but permits the sale of cer- 
tain game bred on private preserves or 
imported from without the United 
States, provided that the same is tagged 
with a tag furnished by the Conserva- 
tion Commission. The tag consists of a 
band of tin with a serial number and is 
fastened to the game with a seal on one 
side of which is a letter denoting the 
name of the importer or breeder of the 
game, and on the reverse side a number 
which indicates the species of game. 
This tag must be fastened to the game 
at the time of its killing or importation 
and must at all times remain affixed to 
the game until the same is consumed. 
This easily permits the detection of our 
native game should the same be placed 
upon the market for sale. The Conser- 



8" 



vation Commission through this taggin; 
system last year derived a revenue of 
about twenty thousand dollars. 

The Bayne Bill so-called only per- 
mitted the sale of game from October 
1st to March ist, but under the revised 
Fish and Game Bill which has just 
passed the Assembly the sale of tagged 
game is permitted at all times. The 
new measure also provides for the tag- 
ging of hatchery-raised brook trout, and 
it is estimated that there will be an in- 
creased revenue by the new bill of 
twenty-five to thirty thousand dollars. 

The sale of tagged game has given 
general satisfaction and is considered by 
all to be a great protection to our native 
game. Under the new Fish and Game 
bill it has been the policy to accord to 
breeders and importers of game liberal 
privileges consistent with the proper pro- 
tection and conservation of our native 
game, in order to encourage the breeding 
of game on private preserves in this 
state. 



THE GAME BREEDER 



A BIG GAME FARM 



Including notes from a Bulletin issued by John B. Burnham, President of the 
American Game Protective and Propagation Association. 



The American Game Protective and 
Propagation Association, the most influ- 
ential association of sportsmen in Ameri- 
ca, announces in its March bulletin that 
it has acquired a large game farm where 
many species of game birds will be pro- 
pagated for free distribution among 
members of the association. This is an 
important step in the right direction. 
The prophecy is made that there will be 
started in this country a line of game- 
keepers that will play an important part 
in solving the game problems of the 
future. 

Massachusetts is the proper field for 
the enterprise since it has become the 
leading "more game" state in the Union. 

Dr. Field, the chairman of the Massa- 
chusetts Commission of Inland Fisheries 
and Game, is a distinguished biologist, 
and a firm believer in the idea that game 
and game fish easily can be made abun- 
dant provided the industry of producing 
them can be encouraged by legislation; 
Mr. Forbush, the New England agent 
of the Audubon Association, Mr. George 
Richards, the President of the North 
American Fish and Game Protective As- 
sociation, Heber Bishop, Mr. Dimick, 
of the United States Cartridge Co., and 
many other Massachusetts sportsmen 
and naturalists have contributed to se- 
cure common sense legislation for the 
commonwealth and it is now legal in 
;Massachusetts to profitably produce any 
kind of game under permits issued by a 
State Commission which represents "all 
of the people." 

The American Game and Protective 
Association can count on the active co- 
operation and assistance of the Massa- 
chusetts Commission which is undoubt- 
edly one of the best in x^merica. 

For the new game farm between 5,000 
and 6,000 acres have been acquired in 
Carver and Plymouth Townships, 
Massachusetts, and there the work will 
be done. The land is situated on Cape 



Cod, near the town of Tremont, and is 
about forty miles from Boston. The de- 
scription tells of thirty ponds and a good 
growth of pine and scrub oak in the 
stretch, which is about five miles long 
by three miles wide. For three or four 
years it has been used as a game pre- 
serve, so that already there are many 
quail and rufifed grouse in the covers. 
The Winters there are never severe 
enough to kill such hardy birds. 

"At one time," the bulletin says, "the 
ponds afforded some of the best duck 
and goose shooting- in New England. 
1 hey lie directly in the line of flight of 
these immigrants, which, since restric- 
tions have been placed on shooting 
them, have been alighting there in in- 
creasing numbers on their northward 
and southward journeys. Many wild 
fowl breed there, and the association 
plans to increase the number by af- 
fording them unusual advantages in 
the way of food. 

"The breeding of wild ducks will be 
the initial work in propagation. A sup- 
ply of black, mallard, and wood ducks 
will be purchased immediately. Corn will 
be distributed in the shallow water 
around the edges of the ponds, so that 
tlie flocks brought down by the propa- 
gated ducks will be encouraged to nest 
there. The eggs laid by the tame flock 
will be hatched under hens. This method 
of propagation has been successfully 
carried on many times, and as black 
ducks and mallards are great layers, it is 
estimated that thousands can be raised 
this year." 

Especially tender care is to be accord- 
ed the wood duck, for the association 
thinks it is a sad commentary on Ameri- 
can thoughtlessness that this bird, once 
a common object throughout the country, 
i.= now on the verge of extinction. 

"The reasons for so many failures in 
attempting to propagate our native birds 
iiave been various, but it is not at all 



10 



THE GAME BREEDER 



strange that we should fail in this coun- 
try at the beginning. People point to 
the fact that in England, Scotland, and 
on the continent thousands of native wild 
birds are raised annually, but they do not 
stop to consider that they are raised by 
gamekeepers, father and son having been 
engaged in this occupation for genera- 
tions. They have learned the secrets of 
the trade, while in this country we have 
given little thought to the matter. 

"It is quite likely that the association 
will procure an expert gamekeeper from 
Scotland to take charge of rearing up- 
land birds. The foreign gamekeepers in 
this country have been very generally 
successful. Undoubtedly they will teach 
their profession to Americans, and will 
thus start a line of gamekeepers in this 
country." 

In announcing that the birds will be 
distributed for stocking purposes, the as- 
sociation urges the establishment of 
game refuges all over the country, with 



the prediction that these will improve 
the shooting in the surrounding country. 

"If the birds have a place where they 
can raise their young in security and 
where the coveys will not be reduced to 
one or two each Fall, they will increase 
so rapidly that they are bound to over- 
flow into the surrounding territory. 

"The Massachusetts farm has been 
taken on a ten years' lease, with an op- 
tion to buy for the original price of 
$13,000 any time during that period. The 
land, which is worth many times this 
amount, was purchased by disinterested 
sportsmen, each putting in about $i,OQO 
on condition that no shooting be allowed 
upon it. These men have very kindly 
turned it over to the National Associa- 
tion. 

"The only restrictions attached are 
that it shall continue to be a sanctuary 
for twenty years after the date of the 
lease, whether or not it is purchased. It 
is also stipulated that at least $500 a 
year must be spent in reforestation." 



FISH FOOD AND FISH CULTURE 



By A. A. Hill 



In mentioning the undoubted fact that 
every healthy boy, right-minded man, 
and uncaged woman, likes to go a-fish- 
ing, David Starr Jordan says: "That is 
what fishes are for." 

Not altogether so. Fishes are for 
food. Moreover, taking second place to 
no one in a love of the streams and lakes 
and their inhabitants, the oft-repeated 
remark that it does not matter much 
what fish are in them, or whether we 
succeed in catching them, is nonsense. It 
makes all the difference in the world 
how many fish are in the waters, what 
kind of fish are in them and it is still 
more important that we should succeed 
in catching them. 

Next to mammals and birds, fish is the 
most important food in the world and 
has always been so. Cost of production 
considered, fish is the cheapest of foods 
as well as among the very best that 
comes to the table. In every country on 



earth — half-civilized, civilized and en- 
lightened — but this one, its inland waters 
are considered the source of its most 
valuable food asset. In this country this 
asset has simply been thrown away. 
With the widest range of inland waters 
of any country on earth for the habitat 
of different kinds of food fish, we have 
for the past one hundred years been 
steadily depleting them, and during the 
past fifty years their depletion has kept 
pace with the repletion of fish laws. 

The reason for it? Why, simply be- 
cause of the prevalent pernicious notion 
that fish are for sport rather than for 
food ; because of the David Starr Jordan 
idea just quoted, if you please. 

It will be the object of one department 
of "The Game Breeder" to show the 
importance of fish culture and how to 
breed fish successfully and profitably. 
Have as much pleasure catching fish as 
you may, and it is indeed a glorious 



THE GAME BREEDER 



11 



sport, but let us first get the fish to catch. 
Highly important as this may be, the use 
of practical common sense and the same 
intelligent methods that are employed in 
cultivating any farm product will give 
more profit to fish culture than to corn 
or wheat culture, and it is far less diffi- 
cult and laborious. 

There are hundreds of farms in New 
England and in the Middle States, where 
a greater income could be derived from 
raiding fish than from raising any other 
product, and in many cases a greater in- 
come than from raising all other pro- 
ducts combined. It merely requires a 
little work at the beginning and a little 
intelligent effort. The ordinary farmer 
does not attempt to raise corn in his 
meadow or cranberries on bis hillside ; 
neither would he attempt to raise trout 
in a still mud pond or black bass in a 
cold mountain stream. 

As to the pleasure of fishing, you 
know all about that. It has been the 
theme of philosopher and poet for ages, 
and possibly it has never been extolled 
beyond its worth, although disguise it 
as we may, there is not much pleasure in 
fishing without the expectation of get- 
ting a good mess of fish and not much 
pleasure in getting a good mess of fish 
without the anticipation of enjoying a 
meal from them. 

This magazine then will inform its 
readers how to raise fish, how to raise 
all kinds of fresh water fish, how to have 
good fishing and how to make money 
raising fish. It is to show you the pleas- 
ure of being able to have fish for your 
own table and fish for other tables or. 
for the market. We hope this knowl- 
edge may be interesting ; the more so the 
better. Yet it will not be told solely to 
be interesting but rather to be useful 
and instructive. 

Profit in fishing? Well, the plain 
facts indicate that it is as profitable as 
any other business. The angling leases 
for Restigouche river in the Province 
of Quebec sell for a princely sum every 
year. James J. Hill pays $5,000 annual 
rental to the provincial government of 
Quebec for simply the rod and line fish- 
ing in the little Saint Jean river, and he 
would pay ten times that sum except 
that the stream is so inaccessible that 



an ordinary angler can not aflford to get 
within reach of it. On the north shore 
of the St. Lawrence river is a little 
stream called the Moisie, which sells its 
salmon fishing rights for $100,000 a 
year, one Boston man paying $30,000 to 
the government for his part. The Resti- 
gouche Salmon Club, which of course, is 
devoted to this fishing alone, gets 
$15,000 each for its shares, and the fish- 
ing privileges for this river are estimated 
at iDcing worth a million dollars. Forty- 
one years ago the first man to lease the 
privileges of this stream paid $100 for it. 
Another small stream in the province of 
Quebec is leased by an angling club for 
$12,500 annually. Scores of other sal- 
mon waters bring an annual rental of 
$500 to $100,000 a year. Twenty or 
thirty years ago fishing properties in 
Canada were sold for from $1,000 to 
$2,000 and they are now worth from 
$20,000 to $50,000. 

So much for salmon fishing, which is, 
of cotirse, somewhat out of the range of 
most of our readers, but every living 
human being in this country has a gold 
mine who has a trout brook on his farm 
and, if he owns any kind of a pond or a 
stream, he may be sure of a good income 
provided he uses the same intelligence in 
cultivating fish that he would in culti- 
vating anything else. 

In order to lay a good foundation for 
the series of fish culture articles that are 
to hereafter appear from month to 
month in this magazine, a word or two 
of fish in general, and of their character- 
istics of the lowest class of vertebrated 
animals. 

Living as they do in a world of their 
own, and moving in that which is heav- 
ier than air and of about the same den- 
sity as their own bodies, they can move 
easily, rapidly and with very little mus- 
cular effort. Their form, fins, and 
smooth surface is also an admirable aid 
to ease of getting about, so to speak. 
Their blood is red but it is cold and 
their vital energy is thus less than that 
of mammals or birds. Their brain is very 
small and their organ of sense or of im- 
pressions in the matter of sight, smell, 
hearing, taste and touch, is imperfectly 
developed. Even the most humane per- 
son and one with the tenderest heart 



THE GAME BREEDER 



could hardly abstain from fishing on the 
ground of cruelty. It does not hurt 
them much to be caught. In an un- 
guarded moment of exultation the writer 
once hauled a big pickerel far into the 
air, but the line broke near the fish's 
mouth, and it fell back into the pond 
with the spoon hook still in his gill and 
the water was so bright and clear that it 
could be easily seen on occasions as the 
fish swam about somewhat akwardly try- 
ing to release himself. But after fashing 
for a half-hour or so and returning to 
the same spot, much to the writer's sur- 
prise, the fish again took another bait 
and was landed with the spoon hook still 
in its mouth. Although the hook was 
caught in a part of the gill which was 
nearer gristle or cartilage than real flesh ; 
it was pretty good evidence that the fish 
considered his breakfast of more conse- 
quence than the hurt. 

.There is no expression of feeling or 
emotion in a fish; no apparent motive 
in its monotonous existence except to 
get enough to eat. to keep away from its 
enemies, and to provide for a continu- 
ance of its species. Owing to their cold 
blood they do not much mind a sudden 
change of temperature as is the case with 
almost everything that lives upon the 
surface of the earth, thus making their 
breeding and rearing all the simpler and 
easier. 

Fish culture is one of the oldest in- 
dustries of which we have any knowl- 
edge. It has been practiced in China 
from time immemorial and from one- 
fifth to one-tenth of the entire population 



are engaged wholly or in part in it. If 
it were not for the fish industry there 
would be a constant famine in 'China. 
The ancient Roman epicures always bred 
the fish they served on their own tables 
and they used as much of it as they did 
of any other kind of animal flesh. The 
inland fisheries of Egypt were so pro- 
ductive about the third century that the 
revenues from one small lake were said 
to be sufBcient to give the queen 
$500,000 a year for pin money, and in- 
deed to enrich the country. 

When the United States was first set- 
tled its inland waters swarmed with fish 
and fish food was so abundant that it 
was not profitable to breed or propagate 
them. Nor at that early period was it 
even necessary to protect them by law. 
But by and by, owing to the clearing 
of the forests, the pollution of the 
streams, and the catching of fish during 
their breeding season, they naturally be- 
gan to rapidly deplete, and about 75 
years ago laws were enacted for their 
protection. The depletion has gone on, 
however, until now, and in about the 
same ratio as the repletion of game fish 
laws. If they are not soon to become 
altogether extinct something must be 
done. It is high time to call a halt in 
lawmaking and to take a step forward 
in real propagation. It will be the pur- 
pose of succeeding articles to show how 
our inland streams and other waters may 
again teem with food fish and how their 
culture may be made as profitable as any 
other kind of business. 



FISH PONDS 

By L. L. Dyche, State Fish and Game Warden' of Kansas. 



The subject of ponds is one that the 
writer has been interested in for many 
years, and since his connection with the 
State Department of Fish and Game his 
interest has been increased and renewed, 
and he expects to give a considerable 
amount of attention to it in the future. 
He hopes to be able in different ways, 
and especially through publications is- 



sued by the department, to place before 
the people of Kansas all the information 
available on the subjects of construction, 
maintenance and use of ponds. Since the 
country has been occupied by civilized 
people the greatest activity and energy 
have been put forth to develop the lands 
for agricultural, horticultural and live- 
stock purposes. Improved and scientific 



THE GAME BREEDER 



13 



■methods have given better varieties of 
corn and wheat, better varieties of apples 
and strawberries and better varieties of 
potatoes and melons, but almost nothing 
lias been done, particularly in America, 
to develop the streams, lakes and ponds 
and to improve the quality of food pro- 
ducts that they do and could be made 
to produce. 

The Chinese and Japanese are credited 
with having accomplished wonders, in 
the development of goldfish, in the pro- 
duction of rich shades of color and 
imique designs in form. The unculti- 
vated wild goldfish is of a dull olivaceous 
green. The beautiful shades of red, gold, 
silver and black, and the various odd 
designs in shape found among these 
fishes, have been artificially produced and 
propagated by natural selection, the fish 
having been kept in ponds and handled 
and bred with as much care as any other 
stock that was to be improved under the 
influences of domestication. Nature has 
imposed no barrier, so far as I know, 
that would prevent the development of 
many of our own game and food fishes 
in quality, size and hardiness, provided 
they were subjected to the same intelli- 
gent care and oversight that has de- 
veloped our best varieties of vegetable 
and animal forms of life. In Germany, 
and' many other places "in Europe; the 
rearing of fish and the various problems 
connected with fish culture have been in 
the past and are at the present time re- 
ceiving a very considerable amount of 
attention. The rearing of fish for food 
purposes and for profit is looked upon 
much in the same light as the rearing of 
poultry and live stock in general. Not 
only are the streams utilized, but all nat- 
ural ponds, lakes and sheets of water 
have been improved and are being used 
for fish-culture purposes. 

In addition to this, I am told by some 
of our good American Germans who 
have recently visited the fatherland, that 
thousands of pieces of ground that were 
swampy or otherwise unprofitable have 
been converted into fish ponds and are 
now made to yield fish food products of 
great value to the masses of people. 

For the purpose of consideration, the 
subject of ponds naturally divides itself 
into two parts — natural and artificial. 



Natural ponds in the state of Kansas 
are not very numerous. Most of them 
have been formed by rivers and creeks 
that have changed their channels and 
left bodies of water in their old beds. 
Some of these sheets of water make fair- 
ly good fish ponds, but as a rule they are 
more or less subject to overflow from 
the adjacent streams during periods of 
high water and are liable to lose most 
of their water, or even to go dry, during 
periods of drought. Such bod'ies of 
water are very unsatisfactory for fish- 
culture purposes. 

There are other natural ponds formed 
by springs that run into .natural basins, 
and still others that owe their existence 
to natural basins that catch the water 
from adjacent sloping grounds. These 
latter are called sky ponds by the Ger- 
mans, as all the water that is drained 
into them comes directly, in rains and 
snows, from the sky. These natural 
ponds usually have muddy bottoms, with 
an accumulation of old leaves, weeds and 
various kinds of trash that have blown 
or have been thrown or washed into their 
waters. Many of them have old logs, 
stumps, fallen trees, tree tops, brush and 
other similar rubbish in them. Some of 
these natural ponds also have heavy 
growths of vegetation, including grasses, 
weeds and mosses. Most of these nat- 
ural ponds are more or less stocked with 
fish of one or more varieties ; a pond of 
any size that has had water in it for 
six months or a year usually contains 
fish of some kind, more often catfish or 
sunfish. If the ponds are large, with 
some depth of water, carp, buffalo, shad, 
channel cat and, sometimes, crappie and 
bass, are found in them, as well as vari- 
ous kinds of minnows. Some of these 
natural ponds, where the water supply is 
not too irregular, produce and support 
a good many fish and are quite satisfac- 
tory. As a rule, however, they are hard 
to\ manage, most of them being too low 
to be drained, or if it is possible to drain 
them there is no water to refill them. 
Muddy bottomed ponds that cannot be 
drained and cleaned afford poor places 
for fish to spawn ; and this is especially 
true of the larger game fishes. Natural 
ponds are usually well stocked with 
turtles, gars, bullfrogs, snakes, all of 



14 



THE GAME BREEDER 



which are natural enemies of the fish. 
Owing to the various kinds of trash in 
such ponds it is usually very difficult to 
seine them and remove the natural ene- 
mies of the fish, including- the larger fish 
themselves, which are not only enemies 
of the young and the small fish, but are 
a detriment to their growth and develop- 
ment. 

Many of these natural ponds can be 
cleaned by removing the brush, logs and 
vegetable growth. This makes it pos- 
sible to manage them in much better 
shape and puts them in a condition that 
seines can be used in removing the nat- 
ural enemies of the fish as well as the 
large fish themselves. However, seining 
and netting in fish ponds may prove to 
be a dangerous business unless the oper- 
ators understand something about fish 
culture. Many of the natural ponds can 
be greatly improved for fish purposes by 
cleaning and developing them in certain 
places and by throwing up embankments 
to keep out flood waters. Sometimes 
these natural ponds can be fed by direct- 
ing a small stream of fresh water into 



them through ditches or pipes from 
creeks or springs or even from windmill 
pumps. If this can be done their value 
as fish-producing bodies of water will 
be greatly increased. 

These natural ponds are usually well 
supplied with fish food, especially the 
kinds of insects and plants that young 
fish and minnows feed upon; and young 
fish and minnows serve very extensively 
as food for the growing game fishes. 

The artificial pond is usually made by 
constructing a dike or dam across a 
draw or a piece of sloping ground, or 
across a small stream, or by inclosing a 
piece of ground that can be supplied with 
water. This ground that is to be used 
for pond purposes may be located on 
high lands or even near a hilltop as well 
as in the valleys and sloughs of low 
lands. It is to this class of pond that 
we desire to give our especial attention, 
for many of them have been constructed 
in the state of Kansas, and undoubtedly 
thousands more will be constructed in 
the near future. 



A MOUNTAIN RAM. A FIFTY DOLLAR FINE 
AND COURTEOUS GAME OFFICERS 

By A. H. Cordier, M.D. 



I had been informed by the guides be- 
fore leaving my home that the open 
season on mountain sheep had been 
changed from September ist to August 
15th. I had traveled three thousand 
miles to reach the sheep country in which 
I expected to hunt. On my arrival I 
was informed that the open season had 
not been changed, as the governor had 
refused to sign the new bill. My time 
was limited. The guide and his outfit — 
three Indians and sixteen horses — were 
engaged for thirty days at thirty dollars 
per day, for myself and hunting partner. 
It would take seven days of hard trailing 
to reach the country where we were go- 
ing to hunt. It was then August 15th. 
We decided to start on the trip and get 
well located by September, ist. We 
traveled and camped in a beautiful, little 



grass covered valley and decided to rest 
one day and let the horses graze. The 
next morning the guide, my hunting 
partner, one of the Indians and I con- 
cluded to go on a little tour of inspec- 
tion upon Big Red Mountain, so-called 
because of the bright red color of its 
crest. 

It was an ideal day. The sun shone 
down upon us with sufficient heat to 
counteract the cold of the wind's blast 
as it swept over the glacier and snow 
covered mountain sides. The climbing 
up the sides of this mountain presented 
the usual difficulties met with in reaching 
high altitudes. You look above you and 
think on the next bench I will be at the 
top, but when you reach that spot, per- 
chance you will discover a broad, flat 
valley several hundred yards or more in 



THE GAME BREEDER 



15 



width. This "benching" of a mountain 
has been a source of disappointment to 
many a hunter. I have never been quite 
able to understand where the mountain 
climber gets his compensation for his 
labors. Of course, he is well paid, but 
the salary of one man does not meet the 
demands of another. 

On approaching the shoulder of the 
mountain, we separated to circumvent 
the summit, on a purely inspection trip. 
We had been separated for two or three 
hours, and I had seen nothing in the 
way of game signs and had started to 
return toward the camp about five miles 
away. I paused for a moment and 
glanced toward the sky line to the north 
of me about three miles. I was using 
my field glasses. All at once I saw, like 
a retreating cloud bringing to view the 
moon at the horizon, five slowly resolv- 
ing moving, objects that I soon recog- 
nized as rams' heads, I have never be- 
held a grander sight. I could make out 
that they were frightened and had been 
running quite a distance, as they fre- 
quently paused and turned about to look 
in the direction from whence they came. 
I was standing in mushy snow up to my 
ankles, but what did I care for cold or 
wet, while watching this band of noble 
rams ! I quickly lay down on my back 
in the snow, as they were coming in my 
direction. They were led by a big ram 
with a massive pair of horns. The sight 
was one of enchanting beauty as I 
watched them. They strung out on the 
face of the mountain, all the time coming 
nearer and nearer to me. My joy at the 
prospect of bagging one of those tro- 
phies was unbounded, and I could hardly 
contain myself, so impatient was I while 
watching them. They are, I thought, 
now about six hundred yards away and 
coming directly toward me with the wind 
in my favor. Will they discover me, or 
will they turn to the right through the 
little sag on the spine of the mountain? 
While I was thus meditating, they 
quickly turned away from me and dis- 
appeared through the gap. I jumped to 
mv feet, one-half of me as wet as a ship's 
hiill just put in the dry docks, and ran 
with all my might — not very fast at that 
altitude — in the direction they had dis- 



appeared. I had not gone over two hun- 
dred yards before I saw them coming 
right toward me in full flight (flight 
nearly describes their ability to get over 
the ground. ) They had evidently come 
in sight of some one of our party over 
the crest of the ridge. When within 
three hundred yards of me, I began 
firing at the leader. My second shot 
striking him while in the air — truly a 
wing shot — he turned a summersault and 
never moved after striking the snow. 
I fired three more shots, scoring on the 
horns of another, stunning him so badly 
that he lay in the snow for fully thirty 
seconds, but regained his feet and made 
his escape. I measured some jumps made 
by these sheep in the snow and found 
the distance to be twenty-four feet. The 
actual distance of the sheep from me 
when I shot measured over three hun- 
dred yards. My delight at killing this 
ram was so great and my enthusiasm 
was so intense that I did not realize — 
and I presume would not have cared at 
that time — ^that I had violated the pro- 
visions of the game law of British 
Columbia, protecting Ovis Montana, I 
was later very forcibly reminded of this 
fact, when one of the Indians deserted 
camp and told the game warden that I 
had killed the sheep on August 20th, I 
was fined fifty dollars and costs. 

Now, my dear hunters and true sports- 
men, I believe in game protection by 
stringent laws, and I believe in the prose- 
cution of all violations of the same, but 
place yourself in my position — and con- 
sider other facts mentioned — at the time 
I killed this ram, and I will ask you on 
the "Q. T." what would you have done? 
What? Of course you would. The offi- 
cials of British Columbia are the finest 
set of courteous gentlemen I have ever 
met in an official or unofficial way. 

This is a month of great activity on 
the game farms and preserves. The hard 
work of the year now begins and it will 
continue until the last birds are shot in 
the fall and the guns are called oflf to 
give the breeding stock a rest before an- 
other season begins. Game keepers are 
requested to send notes about what they 
are doing and what the prospects are. 



\ 



16 



THE GAME BREEDER 



GAME ENEMIES— THE CROW 

A Biological Investigation. 



The Bureau of Biological Survey of 
the United States Department of Agri- 
culture has undertaken to procure infor- 
mation about the crow and has issued a 
circular which is printed below. We 
have long entertained the opinion that 
some if not all crows were enemies of 
game birds and we have had consider- 
able correspondence with • ornithologists 
and sportsmen on this subject. 

We wish to ask our readers to con- 
tribute to an investigation which we shall 
make in order that we may contribute to 
the proposed bulletin of the Agricultural 
Department. We print in this issue a 
few of the opinions gathered by Mr. 
Forbush, the New England Agent ,of the 
Audubon Association, and an observa- 
tion made at the preserve of The Game 
Breeders' Association last summer. The 
circular issued by The Bureau of Bio- 
logical Survey is as follows: 
Dear Sir: 

In 1895 the Biological Survey issued 
a bulletin on the economic value of the 
crow, the supply of which was long since 
exhausted. The interest shown in the 
subject, and the changes which have 
taken place in the character and extent 
of agricultural activities in the period 
of 16 years, have been so great as to call 
for further consideration of the subject. 
In resuming the investigation, it is de- 
sired to secure information in regard to 
several new phases of the problem. 
There is still a decided lack of accurate 
information regarding the economic 
value of the crow, especially in the re- 
gion of the upper Mississippi Valley, 
^nd the appended questions have been 
framed so as to secure additional data 
on the more important facts. 

While the proposed bulletin will treat 
primarily of the food habits of the com- 
mon crow, similar information is desired 
in regard to the fish crow, a smaller 
species living along the Atlantic coast 
south of Long Island, and of the ravens, 
which are more abundant in the West 
and Southwest. 



The examination of a large number of 
crow's stomachs, secured in various lo- 
calities and under varying conditions, is 
essential before the food habits of this 
bird can be accurately determined. If 
only a small proportion of the stomachs 
of the thousands of crows killed annually 
for bounty were available, they would 
assist materially in establishing the eco- 
nomic status of the bird. We are very 
anxious to secure material of this kind 
and desire correspondence with persons 
willing to collect stomachs for us. 

A franked envelope is inclosed for re- 
turn of answer. 

All communications should be ad- 
dressed to the Bureau of Biological 
Survey, Department of Agriculture, 
Washington, D. C. 

Very truly yours, 
HENRY W. HENSHAW, 
Chief, Biological Survey. 
Approved : 

JAMES WILSON, 

vSecretary of Agriculture. 



( I ) Are there any crow roosts in your 
vicinity where the birds congregate in 
large numbers during the winter 
months? If so, describe them briefly, 
noting the approximate number of birds, 
acreage of the roosts, and characteristic 



vegetation 

(2) Is the crow numerous in your 
vicinity during spring and summer?. . . . 

(3) Does it inflict serious damage 
upon corn, either when sprouting or 
when in the shock, and does it appear to 
be as troublesome in your locality as it 
was 15 years ago? 

(4) Do farmers in your locality resort 
to the practice of tarring seed corn ? If 
so, how successfully has it protected the 
crop 



,.? 



(5) Do crows destroy much poultry 
and many eggs, and does the habit aj>- 
pear to be confined to a few individuals, 
or is it a more or less characteristic trait 
of all crows in your vicinity? 

(6) To what extent can the reduction 



THE pAME BREEDER 



17 



in numbers of our game birds, such as before my own eyes, and have evidence 

grouse and quail and many smaller in- of many more. Every, season, late in 

sectivorous species, be attributed to the May or early in June, the crows make 

crow ? a raid on the birds nesting in the shade 

(7) Has there been a bounty system trees along our village streets and in 
on crows in force in your vicinity in re- orchards and private grounds, systemat- 
cent years ; if so, has it noticeably re- ically searching every tree, destroying 
duced the numbers of this bird ? nests, and eating or carrying away the 

(8) Additional remarks will be ap- eggs and young." He rates the crow as 
preciated the most destructive of all the natural 

Mr. Forbush, in his report, says : "The enemies of birds, 

crow is now regarded by so many people Anson O. Howard, of East North- 





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Portrait of Crow— Taken by Himself. From Bird-Lore. 



as a useful and much-maligned bird, that 
it may not be out of place to present 
some of the evidence against it. I have 
repeatedly observed crows in the act of 
destroying the eggs and young of other 
birds; they are so addicted to nest-rob- 
bing that it is a wonder that any young 
of the smaller birds can be reared where 
crows are numerous, and my experience 
indicates that in some cases very few are 
actually reared in such localities." 

In a letter to Mr. Forbush, Mr. Ingalls 
says : "I have seen the nests of many 
birds of several species, from the ruffed 
grouse to the red-eye and chippy, robbed 



field, Mass., writes: "For the past ten 
years, during the breeding season of the 
birds, from the last of May through June 
and July of each year, I have watched 
the crows eat the eggs and little birds. 
T have watched them start at 4 o'clock 
in the morning, or a little later, and 
hunt over the shade trees that line the 
streets for the eggs and young birds, 
even going into the trees that stand close 
to the buildings, where people would not 
think a crow would ever go. This is 
done, of course, before people rise; and 
as soon as any one stirs out they will 
leave, but will begin the next morning 



18 THE GAME BREEDER 

just the same. Any one can plainly see- same thing done again, although this 

what they are up to." nest was in another cedar. At another 

Samuel S. Symmes, of Winchester, time I saw a crow visit a robin's nest in 

says : "I have many times seen crows an oak tree. This nest contained young 

eating robin's eggs and have also seen birds perhaps a week old, and despite 

them flying from nests with the young the protests of the parent birds, they 

birds in their beaks." were all carried away, apparently to feed 

S. F. Stockwell, of Auburn, Mass., the crow's young." Mr. Carr saw a 

says: 'T have seen crows come to the crow fly over the house which had in 

eaves of a house and take young robins its bill a young bird, unfeathered, which 

from the nest." he identified as a young robin. 

W. J. Hunter, of Lincoln, Mass., R. H. Cushman, Bernardston, Mass., 

says: "Crows are remarkably plentiful says: "Crows destroy many nests of 

here. Have not known a nest of young eggs. Think them the worst enemy." 

birds to mature this year. Saw a crow Henry N. Smith, South Sudbury, 

take young out of nests right by the Mass., says: 'T have seen crows attack 

tiouse. the nests of our common birds many 

Amelia M. Brastow, of Wrentham, times, and carry off the young birds to 

Mass., writes : "I have seen crows drive be used for feeding their own young dur- 

birds from the nest, and take and eat j^g the nesting season." 

whatever was in it, whether young birds pred H. Kennard, BrookHne, Mass., 

or eggs. writes : 'T have many times seen crows 

L Chester Horton, Ponkapog, Mass., -^ ^he act of robbing birds' nests." 

says : _ The crows visit the orchard very ^^-j 3^ ^^ Springfield, Mass., 

early in the morning, usually about sun- ., ■'ut j 1, w 1 ^ 4. ,.u 

. ^ J, r. 4.1, •• -i. c A writes : I and an absolutely trustworthy 

rise, and after their visit you can find r • , , . ■' . -' 

many nests without eggs, that had a full f"^"^' ^^^^ .°^ '^""^'^^ occasions seen 

complement the day before." ^^o^^, carrying young birds away, 

R. H. Carr, of Brockton, says: 'T saw though we hlave been unable to identify 

a crow drop into the top of a certain the victims. Last June a robin's nest 

cedar in this pasture, and pick the eggs, near my house was despoiled by crows, 

one by one, from a robin's nest there and and three young birds were taken ; the 

eat them. A year or so later I saw the fourth fell to the ground." 

(To be continued.) 



THE BOY WAS IN THE WAY 

By Recapper 

It was a beautiful morning in October, using the pin-fire cartridges. It was 
1869, and, as I looked out over the built by a Henry Tobin of Bond street, 
meadows, I wondered if any snipe London; and was a well finished gun, 
were there. Just then my two setters with twenty-eight inch, twelve-bore bar- 
came prancing up, telling me by their rels, and weight of six and three-quarter 
looks and actions, that they were ready, pounds. 

and very anxious to be after game ; and. It was a cylinder-bore, and with the 

as I had a gun, owned by a friend of load I used of two and three-quarter 

mine, to try on game, I decided to go out drams of Hazard's electric black powder, 

for a while. (smokeless powders at that date, being 

The gun was the first breechloader I yet imperf ected ) , and one and one-eighth 

had ever had a chance to try. It was one ounces of number nine shot, made a 

of the old-time, doublegrip, Lefaucheux beautifully even pattern in the thirty inch 

style of mechanism, with lever under the circle, at forty yards. I had gone over 

trigger-guard. Not only that, but also several meadows without my dogs show- 



THE GAME BREEDER 19 

ing any signs of the presence of game, yond control at all times. I decided to 

and was about to give it up, when I re- play a trick, and pocketing the dead bird 

membered one more likely meadow, a one of my dogs had brought me, and 

little farther on. vnth the dogs at heel, I started towards 

It was a meadow that bordered on the the southern end of the meadow, and 

Delaware and Raritan canal, between directly away from the birds. I had little 

Trenton and Bordentown. During the hope that my ruse would be a success, 

-summer it was used by its owner to raise but was to be agreeably disappointed 

and harvest hay; and in Autumn as a later on. At the lower end of the mea- 

pasture-meadow for dairy cows. dow, there was a tumble-down old rail 

On the edge of the meadow next to fence, and a row of big water-willows, 
the canal, is the Trenton and Borden- Beyond these was another wet meadow 
town branch of the one-time Camden partly grown over with red-maple, shell- 
and Amboy Railroad, now a part of the bark hickory trees, and swamp-alders. 
Pennsylvania Railroad Co.'s holdings. Looking back, I saw that the men had 
Through the centre runs a partly filled- entered the upper-end of the meadow; 
up ditch, with about fifty feet of low and their dogs were going helter-skelter 
ground on each side, always moist in over the ground, and once more hope de- 
Spring and Autumn. serted me. 

The meadow is some three hundred Creeping through the fence and wil- 
yards long, and nearly the same in width, low hedge ; I started directly towards the 
On the day mentioned, I was to have a canal, and at right angles to the direc- 
strange experience right there ; the like tion in which the men were coming. The 
of which I have never seen before or willows and under-brush were so thick 
since, and I shall relate the happenings, that they could not see me, or my dogs ; 
just as they occurred. I entered the and I kept on till near the canal, and 
meadow on the side farthest from the then stopped to watch them., keeping my- 
canal, and waved the dogs on. As they self and dogs hidden from their sight, 
reached the near edge of the low ground For nearly half an hour they walked over 
side by side, both came to a point. Walk- the meadow, with the dogs racing in 
ing up to them, I was surprised to flush front, but finding no birds. Of course, 
3. whisp of ten snipe ; and all but one of there was but one conclusion for me to 
them flew low, and straight away; the come to, and that was that those nine 
one bird turning to the right, and then snipe had heard the dogs rushing about, 
circling around behind me. With the taken warning, and flushed beyond gun- 
right barrel I dropped one of the range. How provoking to have my sport 
straight-aways, and then turning quick- spoiled by a lot of untrained dogs, 
ly, drew trigger on the bird that had As I did not wish to have them join 
gone behind me ; but, for the first and me, I kept hidden from them. As I 
only time it ever happened to me with later learned ; they had heard the report 
that gun, it was a misfire ; and the bird of the one shot fired by me, but not being 
again circled and joined the others, and near enough, had not seen me ; and sup- 
then they all alighted quite nearby. It posed that whoever had fired, had either 
looked as though I would be kept busy killed, or missed, and then gone to some 
for a little while ; but, as I looked up, I other meadows. 

saw two men with guns, four setters, and Well, I waited till they reached 

three pointers, walking on the railroad, the meadow where I was hidden, 

and evidently intending to come on that saw them get through the fence, and 

same meadow. pass on well to the south. As stated 

Now I am not a bit selfish, and am above, I had no objection to the men, 

always willing for others to get their and had sometimes shot with them ; but, 

share of sport ; but, in this instance, I 1 do most decidedly object to taking out 

knew not only the men, (to whose com- trained dogs, with dogs of no training 

pany there was no objection), but, I whatever. When I was satisfied that 

also knew the dogs they had with them, they had gotten well away, I started for 

as entirely unbroken, and completely be- home across the meadow where I had 



20 



THE GAME BREEDER 



seen that whisp of snipe ; and as my dogs 
seemed anxious to range over it, I let 
them go. 

You can perhaps, imagine how sur- 
prised I was at seeing Monk come to 
a stiff point right by a lone old willow 
tree, standing in a little pool of water, 
after those seven untrained dogs, had 
only so short a time previously, been 
racing over that meadow. But neither 
he, or his companion Nellie, ever false 
pointed. 

I stepped up to him, and up went a 
snipe; but, I certainly was in good form 
on that day, for as the pin-fire spoke, the 
bird stopped, to fly no more. What 
puzzled me was, how those other dogs 
had failed to find him; and I looked 
upon it as a little piece of good luck for 
me. 

After Monk had retrieved the bird, 
and I had reloaded, I let the dogs go on, 
and I followed, and now comes the mys- 
tery. Before I had reached the farther 
end of that meadow, the dogs had found, 
and pK>inted, every one of the eight re- 
maining birds. 

Now it would be Monk, next Nellie, 
to make the find, and I did not miss a 
shot. I remember the last point was 
made by Nellie, quite near to where I 
had found the birds at first. As I stepped 
up to her, two birds, (the last of the 
lot), flushed close to me; one of them 
quartering to the right, the other an 
incomer, passing over my head, and be- 
hind me. With a quick shot I dropped 
the first one and then turned to get the 
other if I could. 

Well, I did not get him; but it was 
no fault of mine, or the gun, or a bad 
cartridge. After the bird had passed 
behind me, he had lowered in his flight ; 
and just as I was bringing my gun to 
the shoulder, I saw right in line with the 
bird, and not forty yards away, a boy 
walking across the meadow. That snipe 
got off all right, for "the boy was in the 
way." There's luck in odd numbers, 
says Rory O'Moore" ; and I had nine 
birds, and certainly had been lucky. But 
where had those birds been, and why 
did they not flush when those other ill- 
behaved dogs had almost run over them ? 
No one has ever been able to explain it 



to me, and I can swear to the truth of 
the incidents above related. 

I have in my sixty years of experience 
afield with dogs and gun, seen many 
strange things happen ; things for which 
I could never arrive at a satisfactory 
explanation. Most often these have oc- 
curred when I was after snipe, and 
woodcock; (the latter, I am sorry to be 
compelled to admit, now a fast disap- 
pearing game-bird) ; but this probably 
is due to the fact that they are and have 
|)een my two favorite kinds of game. It 
is now thirty-two years. since I killed a 
woodcock, and this not because I had no- 
opportunities ; but, because I believe that 
for some years to come, they should ab- 
solutely, and rigidly be protected. 
Summer-shooting has for some time 
been forbidden in New Jersey; and that 
may help some. But it is a thing that 
should never have been practiced, or per- 
mitted. Shooting of the snipe during 
the Spring flight should end at once ; the 
birds being allowed to pass on to their 
breeding-grounds, to return in increased 
numbers for our benefit in the Autumn. 

It is, and has been for years, my belief 
that no state laws will ever be effective. 
We should have a Federal-law forbid- 
ing the killing of all migratory birds 
during the seasons of mating and breed- 
ing; and the penalty for violation of the 
law should be so severe, and the law 
should be so persistently and rigidly en- 
forced, that there would be small chance 
for the guilty ones to escape punishment. 

Importing foreign varieties of game, 
and stocking our fields, meadows, and 
forests with them, may produce some- 
thing for the sportsman to look for ; but 
it will not give the sport of our native 
game as heretofore given us by the 
snipe; or his equally cute, and larger 
cousin, the woodcock. 

We are glad to learn that Mr. H. K.. 
Job will continue his experiments in 
quail breeding at the Storrs Experiment 
Station in Connecticut. We hope he 
succeeded in getting his stock birds. At 
the time he wrote us it was almost im- 
possible to get any birds excepting in 
places where the game laws and game 
officers still are hostile to enterprise. - 



THE GAME BREEDER 



21 



REPORTS ABOUT RADFORD 



A clipping from a New York paper, sent 
to tile editor, contains the follbwing 
about Harry Radford, who will have 
some interesting stories for our readers 
if he returns safely : 

"Deserted at night by his two Indian 
guides, Harry Vincent Radford, a young 
Arctic explorer, who left New York 
February 12, 1909, to hunt for a living 
specimen of the wood bison, is thought 
to be lost in the frozen wilderness north 
of Great Slave Lake. 

"Since Mr. Radford reached the North- 
ern wilderness he has been seen only 
once by white men. That was in 1910, 
when he went south to Fort Smith, the 
head of navigation on the Great Slave 
River, and wintered there. He started 
back north the following spring, and 
nothing was heard from him until the 
two Indians whom he had engaged as 
guides returned to Fort Resolution, a 
few weeks ago, stating that they had 
deserted their employer because of a 
disagreement. 

"The Indians said that they left in the 
night and that Mr. Radford did not 
know that they intended leaving.. When 
asked where he was they answered 
'many, many days to the north.' 

"Captain B. S. Osbon, of No. 132 
East Twenty-third street, received a let- 
ter from the Canadian Indian agent at 
Fort Smith telling of the desertion by 
the guides and requesting that any one 
interested in Mr. Radford be notified. 
Captain Osbon, who has made many 
trips into the polar regions, said yester- 
day that he feared greatly for the life 
of the young explorer as it was his 
first trip into the Arctic zone. Captain 
Osbon said that as Mr. Radford knew 
very little about the country he would 
stand a slight chance of reaching safety. 
"Members of the Arctic Club of this 
city last spring sent two tons of supplies 
to j\Ir. Radford, which were left at a 
place agreed upon, but whether the sup- 
plies ever reached him is uncertain. No 
communication has been received since 
the request for supplies and no traders 



or other explorers have heard or seen 
any traces of the young man." 

Another clipping contains the follow- 
ing dispatch from Ottawa, Canada: 

"Ottawa, March 10. — It is considered, 
probable that the report that Harry V. 
Radford, member of the Arctic Club, 
had been deserted in North Canada by 
his Indian guides and was supposed to- 
be in dire straits is incorrect. 

"T. G. Street of this city is a com- 
panion of Radford, and a letter received 
from him some time ago said that it 
had been arranged for the two Indian 
guides accompanying them to turn back 
after the first stage of the journey and 
for him and Radford then to go alone 
from Resolution to Chesterfield Inlet. 

The mounted police have heard noth- 
ing of the party being in trouble and 
are inclined to doubt the truth ©f the 
report. Street is experienced in explora- 
tion work in North Canada." 



We predict a big business in ducks 
and pheasants this year since the "more 
game" fight resulted in opening the 
New York markets for these birds, both 
dead and alive. The best dealers are 
represented on our advertising pages and 
we would strongly advise the state game 
officers as well as individual and syndi- 
cate preserve owners to deal with them. 
Most of them are members of the Game 
Guild which will have peculiar facilities- 
of keeping in touch with the small breed- 
ers as well as the big ones throughout 
the United States and Canada. 



A small breeder who rears only fifty 
or a hundred pheasants and a few ducks- 
has secured a Hst of over one hundred 
dealers in live game which he sends us in 
a letter saying they all should read "The 
Game Breeder." This number will be 
sent to all of them and we feel sure they 
will think it is the kind of magazine they 
want. We hope many of them will send 
notes stating what they are doing. 



22 



THE GAME BREEDER 



T^f Game Breeder 

Edited by DWIGHT W. HUNTINGTON 

NEW YORK, APRIL, 1912 

TERMS: 

10 Cents a Copy — $1.00 a year in Advance. 

Postage free to all subscribers in the United States. 
To All Foreign Countries and Canada, $1.25. 

THE GAME CONSERVATION SOCIETY 

PUBLISHERS, 150 NASSAU ST., NEW YORK 

EDITORIAL 

More Game and Fewer Game Laws. 

The object of this magazine is to make 
North America the biggest game pro- 
ducing country in the world. 

"The Game Breeder" takes up and 
continues the important work begun by 
'"The Amateur Sportsman." The results 
of the work are well known to sports- 
men and naturalists throughout America. 
Field sports in America certainly were 
in a bad way and it seemed likely they 
would be terminated by their enemies, 
including those who said "hunt only with 
a camera," and those who seemed to be- 
lieve that a dozen or more new laws each 
winter would produce an abundance of 
game, when a halt was called and a new 
programme was proposed, which called 
for "more game and fewer laws." 

Thousands of prominent sportsmen 
and naturalists responded to the call 
among the first being the dean of sports- 
men, Charles Hallock, the founder of 
^'Forest and Stream" and the organizer 
of The Blooming Grove Park Associa- 
tion, who gave encouragement to those 
interested in the movement when he 
wrote the oft quoted words: "Truly we 
-need a revolution of thought and a re- 
vival of common sense." 

Too much credit cannot be given to 
Hallock since he has been behind the 
movement from the start and without his 
influence it might have failed or at least 
it might have progressed far more slow- 
ly than it has. 



One state after another has enacted 
laws permitting the profitable increase 
of game on the lines suggested by the 
writer and it may be said that the fight 
for a reform in the game laws has been 
fairly won. The opening of the markets 
to foreign game, and to some species of 
American game, has made plain our con- 
tention that American breeders should 
have the same rights that foreign game 
farmers and sportsmen have, and it is 
plainly evident that the tendency of our 
legislation now is in the right direction. 

As we have said, often, it is as inter- 
esting to create as it is to destroy. We 
must do the one if we would continue 
to do the other. The trouble, heretofore, 
has been that it has been criminal to 
have game in possession even for propa- 
gation. The sporting press has told us 
how to destroy and has entertained us 
with stories of the quest for the vanish- 
ing mammals and birds but nowhere was 
there a Hne telling us how to properly 
look after the game and how to increase 
its numbers. 

It is an age of specialization and we 
believe there is an important field for a 
publication which deals largely with the 
problems of game and fish propagation. 
We do not believe that a dab of motor- 
boating or a dab of polo or lawn-tennis 
or forestry would help such a publica- 
tion. On the contrary we believe that it 
should reserve its space largely for the 
problems of propagation and for stories 
by those who enjoy the results of such 
industry. If we begin with the egg and 
proceed to the fields, forests and streams, 
where we may obtain some good shoot- 
ing stories, and end in the kitchen (with 
a cookery department), which furnishes 
the excuse for our pleasures afield, we 
believe we shall have enough to do well, 
as all things should be done, and if our 
readers wish to know about photography 
or polo or lumbering or lawn-tennis or 
about automobiles, or anything else un- 
der the sun, we can send them a photo- 
graphic magazine, "The Lumberman" or 
"The Automobile Dealer and Repairer" 
or a magazine on any other subject in 
which they may be interested. Add fifty 



THE GAME BREEDER 



23 



cents to the cost of any publication and 
we will send it with "The Breeder" for 
a year. 

While the fight for "more game" may 
be said to have been fairly won by "The 
Amateur Sportsman," and the evidence 
of the victory may be found in many 
state statutes, the reform of our game 
laws in some states still requires our at- 
tention, and after that the instruction of 
the breeders which includes a descrip- 
tion of the best methods of destruction 
of the natural enemies of game must 
invite our attention fully as much as the 
pleasures of the chase. 



CORRESPONDENCE 

Editor "The Game Breeder" : 

I entirely agree with you that "The 
Amateur Sportsman" should have been 
reserved as a journal relating to propa- 
gation and maintenance of game. 
With cordial regards, 

G. W. FIELD, 
Chairman Commissioners on Fisheries 
& Game. 
Boston, Mass. 

[Dr. Field has been interested in the fight 
for more game and for a reform in the 
game laws from the beginning of the move- 
ment. He served with the writer on the 
Committee of the Breeders' Association, 
which reported the important resolution 
quoted in this issue, and at once he pro- 
ceeded to see that the Massachusetts laws 
were amended to conform to the resolution. 
His state now grants permits to breeders to 
rear all species of game, and as soon as the 
people learn how to profitably rear game 
the state will become a big game producing 
state. — Editor.] 

To the Editor of "The Game Breeder" : 
I enclose herewith an order for the 
cut used in my advertisement in "The 
Amateur Sportsman," and I have sent 
the management a request to stop my 
advertisement in that magazine. 

I shall be pleased to give "The Game 
Breeder" a good trial and you can insert 
my advertisement in the first issue and 
I will send you a cheque. 

I regret your leaving the editorship 
of "The .Amateur Sportsman," but am 
consoled by the reflection that with "The 
Game Breeder" well started, vour work 



mportant work — for more game will 
suffer but a temporary interruption. I 
am sure that earnest advocates of reform 
of the game laws have long regarded' 
your work as indispensible. 

J. W. WHEALTON. 
Chincoteague, Virginia. 

[Mr, Whealton is one of the ablest game 
breeders in America, and is an authority,, 
especially on wild fowl. — Editor.] 

Editor of "The Game Breeder" : 

Am sending a cut for a half page ad- 
vertisement, although I am about sold 
out. Expect still to get 800 or i,ooO' 
quails and can furnish some ducks and 
pheasants and pairtridges and rabbits. 
Glad to hear you have changed your 
mind and will continue to edit a good 
magazine. Keep up the fight. You cer- 
tainly are winning it. , 
Yours truly. 
New York. J. W. LUCAS. 

Editor "The Game Breeder" : 

I was astonished when I learned that 
you were to retire and am glad to learn 
that you will continue your good work.. 
Yours truly, 
CHARLES HALLOCK. 
Washington, D. C. 

[A letter from the Dean of Sportsmen 
always is most welcome. He deserves great 
credit for lending his influence to the cause 
and giving good advice to the editor.] 

Dear Mr. Huntington : 

The news that you were about to re- 
tire came like the proverbial thunder- 
bolt. Under the circumstances the 
quickest break is the best. 

R. W. SHUFELDT. 

Washington, D. C. 

Dear Mr. Huntington : 

Your letter came this morning just 
in time for me to answer a question 
from one of our correspondents as to a 
journal devoted to the propagation of 
game. I have referred him to "The 
Game Breeder." 

T. S. PALMER, 
Asst. Chief, Biological Survey, 
U. S. Dept. Agriculture. 
Washington, D. C. 



24 



THE GAME BREEDER 



OUTINGS AND INNINGS 



Don't Give Up 

There's only one method of meetin' 

life's test; 
Jes' keep on a-strivin' an' hope fur the 

best; 
Don't give up the ship an' retire in 

dismay 
■'Cause hammers are thrown when 

you'd like a bouquet. 
This world would be tiresome, we'd all 

get the blues, 
If all the folks in it held just the same 



views ; 



So finish your work, show the best of 

your skill. 
Some people won't like it, but other 

folks will. 

If you're leadin' an army, or buildtn' 
a fence, 

Do the most that you kin with your 
own common-sense. 

One small word of praise in this jour- 
ney of tears 

Outweighs in the balance 'gainst cart- 
loads of sneers. 

The plants that we're passin' as com- 
monplace weeds 

Oft prove to be jes' what some sufferer 
needs. 

So keep on a-goin' ; don't stay standin' 
still 

Some people won't like you, but other 
folks will. 

— Philander Johnson, in "The 

Washington Star." 



Preparation 

"Are you still taking a cold plunge 
every morning?" 

"No, I quit doing that to save time." 
"Why, a cold plunge doesn't take 
more than a minute or two." 

"I know, but I used to spend three- 
quarters of an hour curled up in bed 
hesitating." — -Harpers, 

Home Truths 

An editor in a Kansas town was 
showing a former resident, who had 
returned for a visit, round the place. 

"Huh," said the former resident, 
"time was when I could have bought 
this hull blamed townsite for two hun- 
dred dollars, but I didn't think it was 
worth it." 

"It wouldn't have been if you had 
bought it," replied the editor. 

A Hunting Incident 

A city hunter, rigged out in a cor- 
duroy suit, double-peaked cap, leggings, 
and other picturesque paraphernalia, en- 
gaged a small country boy as guide. 

The two were greatly astonished when 
a rabbit jumped out from behind a log, 
looked about, and dropped over as if 
dead. 

"There isn't a mark on it !" exclaimed 
the sportsman. 

"No," replied the boy. "I guess he 
must have laughed himself to death." 
—Judge. 



LITERATURE 

Some Big Game Hunts. By A. H. Cor- 
dier, M.D., Professor of Surgery, Uni- 
versity Medical College, ex-President 
Mississippi Valley Medical Associa- 
tion. Illustrated with photographs 

Dr. Cordier has written a very good 
t)0ok which will prove to be especially 
interesting to the big game hunters. 

The excursions after big game cover 
a vast amount of territory from New 
Brunswick, where the author shot moose 
and deer, to Western Kansas, where the 
swift- footed antelope was the quary, and 



to Colorado and other regions for bear. 
British Columbia furnished the moun- 
tain sheep and goats, and an arrest by 
a game warden, and Alaska was the 
scene of some exciting adventures. A 
chapter is given to hunting the javelina, 
along the Rio Grande, in Texas. The 
first deer was killed in Kentucky. Truly 
the author has traveled widely in pursuit 
of game, and he tells about his experi- 
ences in an entertaining way. 

The illustrations are well reproduced 
and many of them are excellent. On 
another page in the magazine is one of 
the doctor's stories. 



THE GAME BREEDER 



25 



.22 Automatic Rifle 

The novelty of its operation is one of the 

fascinating features of the Winchester .22 

Automatic Rifle. Instead of the downward 
and upward motion of a finger lever, or 

the backward and forward thrust of a slide 
handle, the pull on the trigger is the only 
effort required to shoot the rifle ten times 
in succession. The only limit to speed 
in firing is the rapidity with which the 
trigger can be pulled before each shot. 
With this speed is coupled fine accuracy, 
light weight, simple and strong construc- 
tion, and ease and quickness of handling. 
Note the beautiful appearance of the rifle. 
It lists at $25.00, but is sold everywhere for 
much less. It is the ideal vacationist's rifle 



FOR TARGET SHOOTING OR GAME 



26 



THE GAME BREEDER 



GAME COOKERY 

All of our game birds and mammals 
and fish evidently were intended for 
food, and it is this fact which makes 
their killing by sportsmen highly 
proper. As the game disappeared 
from our markets and vanished from 
many regions, where it once abounded, 
the cooking of this desirable food be- 
came a lost art in most households; 
but now that it seems to be evident 
that game is to be rapidly increased in 
numbers, under laws intended to en- 
courage game breeding, game cookery 
becomes of sufficient importance to re- 
quire a department in this magazine. 

No land in the world has such a 
large and desirable assortment of 
game and game fish as America has. 
All of the upland birds, the turkeys, 
grouse and quail, or partridges, are 
splendid food birds. Many of the wild 
foul and waders are equally good on 
the table and some of these are pre- 
ferred by epicures to the birds of the 
stubbles and the woods. There are 
many species of game birds which are 
not so good as others, and some, which 
are shot for sport, notably the Ameri- 
can scoter and the white-winged 
scoter, commonly known to sea gun- 
ners as the black coot and white- 
winged coot, the eiders, and the mer- 
gansers, or saw-bills, have been re- 
ferred to as "abominable" food because 
of the fishy and tough character of 
their flesh. The young of these birds 
are, however, usually better than the 
old birds are, and there are ways of 
cooking even the old birds so as to 
make them palatable and, in fact, 
highly desirable to a hungry gunner, 
who has only secured this compara- 
tively undesirable food. I have eaten 
a very good merganser stew, prepared 
by a market gunner's wife ; and sports- 
men, who shoot on salt water, are 
aware that there are many good re- 
cipes for cooking these sea-fow) 

The sage grouse, of the Western 
plains, the second largest grouse in the 
world, may or may not be highly de- 
sirable for the table. I have found the 
young birds always good, when feed- 
ing on grasshoppers, and there are 



ways of making the old birds palatable 
as many army officers know. The larger 
hares, or jack rabbits, should not be 
despised, when properly cooked, and 
there are very many ways of cooking 
these, and also the little cotton tails.: 

Birds of the same species differ 
much according to their feeding. The 
delicious, celery-fed, canvas back of 
Maryland is. almost worthless on some 
coasts when it procures hardly enough 
fishy food to keep it alive. Even the 
little blue-winged teal, the best table 
duck in the world, "the jewel of the 
spit" is not so good when taken by the 
shore as he is when he is feeding on 
wild rice and acorns, and he may re- 
quire a different handling in the kitch- 
en, when he is not feeding just right, 

There are many ways of cooking 
venison; and in the good old days of 
game abundance we knew how ta 
cook and serve the heart of the elk 
and the buffalo tongue. 

The good recipes for cooking fish 
are quite as numerous as those which 
are used for game, big and small, and 
when we consider hoW many species 
of game and fish will soon come to the 
kitchen, and the fact that there are 
numerous ways of cooking each one. it 
is evident this department of the 
magazine can be kept full of good and 
useful matter for the household for a 
long time to come. 

We have many excellent recipes,, 
which our readers soon will have a 
chance to use, and we shall be glad tO' 
have all those who have good ones 
send them for publication. We shall, 
first of all, discuss the pheasants, the 
ducks, the deer and the rabbits, since 
it is evident these will be first made 
plentiful. / 

We formerly read often about the 
"hot bird and the cold bottle," but a 
short time ago it seemed likely that 
the bottle and the game laws alone 
would survive. This reminds us thM 
certain bottles are more proper when 
served with certain birds than others 
are; and our knowledge of this im- 
portant subject well may be revived, 
for surely we soon can make good /use 
of it. ' ■ 



THE GAME BREEDER 



27 



DEER AND ELK FOR SALE 



Large Northern White Tailed Deer and 

Elk for Stocking Parks and 

Game Preserves 

Last year I sold everything 
which I wished to part with and 
advance orders are now coming 
in for Deer and Elk. I can also 
supply some species of Game 
Birds. 



Write for list and prices 



WARREN R. LEACH 

RUSHVILLE ILLINOIS 









Wff^^ * * S, /^^H 




^BL Sfc.^ ■?-..•■ i!« ^^^C" '^^^B 






K- 

H^^^' V 


/■ • ^ _ V ^ 




>A ^^i^Ma 



Ripogenous Lake Camps 

A Neio Country is here opened up for 
sportsmen. Its ideal fly fishing is now 
■well known to anglers, but until recent- 
ly hunters have been unable to enioy 
the advantage of this exceptional big 
game and bird country. Back camps of 
every degree of comfort down to lean- 
to and tent, in connection with the 
home camps, cover a territory of 250 
square miles in country where 

Bull Moose have rarely been disturbed 
and attain their full growth. 

Buck Deer are far above the average 
size — any tyro can get one — and Bear 
are plentiful. Grouse, ducks, and small 
game abundant. 

Comfortable Camps, wholesome food, 
purest spring water. Telephone connec- 
tion. Wires repeated via Greenville, 
Me. 
Address for circulars, routes, etc. 
RALPH BISBEE, 
Chesuncook, P. O. Maine. 



AH 



interested in Game and Sport should read 



Cbe Gamekeeper 

A Monthly Journal, full of very readable 
and most practical articles about the game 
estates of Great Britain, the methods adopt- 
ed there for the rearing and preservation 
of Pheasants, Partridges, Wild Duck, 
Grouse and other Game Birds, details of 
the management of shootings, etc. 

Published by GILBERTSON & PAGE, 
Ltd., Hertford, Herts. 

Prepaid Subscription 
7Sc for 12 monthS"$l.OO for 16 months 

Please send your subscription to-day to 

THE GAME BREEDER 

THE GAME CONSERVATION SOCIETY • NEW YORK 



In writing to advertisers please mention The Game Breeder or sign your letters: "Yours for More Game. 



28 



THE GAME BREEDER 





ONJfi OF THE SIGHTS IN THE PARK 

We carry the largest stock in America of ornamental birds and animals. Our ponds now contain nearly 200 besfc 
Royal Swans of Kngland. We have fine lot of the beautiful pink FLAMINGOES and the very large European 
PELICANS. Also STORKS, CRANES. PEAFOWL, fancy GEESE and DUCKS. Our pheasant pens contain over 
a thousand Ringneck and fancy PHEASANTS. All stock is kept under practically natural conditions. We have 60 acres 
of land entirely devoted to our business. Can also promptly furnish BUFFALOES, DEER, LLAMAS, RABBITS, etc. 

During the season October to May, we furnish the Celebrated 

Hungarian Partridges and Ringneck Pheasants 

in large quantities. Orders booked during summer. 

We have for years filled practically all the large State Orders for these birds and 
have better facilities for handling large orders than any other firm. 

Write us before buying elsewhere— it will pay you to do so. Your visit solicited. 
We are only 60 miles from New York and 30 miles from Philadelphia. 

WENZ & MAGKENSEN, Proprietors of Pennsylvania Pheasantry and Game Park 
Department V. YARDLEY, BUCKS COUNTY, PA- 

game: and ornamental pheasants 

"A SATISFIED CUSTOMER IS THE BEST ADVERTISEMENT." 
Special attention to Stocking States and Preserves. Prices Quoted on Application. 

Have several hundred Chinese Ringneck Pheasants ready for Shipment. Order NOW before they are all pone. 

AQPI FMHin riFFFR As a special inducement to get my orders in early, I will allow 5% discount on all orders 
ari-i:.l'NL>lL> K jrrc^is. pi^ggfj now. for ihe next Fall delivery 1912. I do not furnish imported and unacclimated 
birds. They are all strong hand-reared birds and come from the State having the most pheasants in America. 

THE F.ICH PHEASANTRY, SILAS RICH, Prop.. SALEM, OREGON 

Reference: — Any Bank or Merchant in Salem. Write for further particulars. 

R. L. BLANTON, RICHMOND, VA. 

Largest Breeder of Wild Turkeys in the World 

FIFTY TURKEYS ON HAND FOR READY SHIPMENT 

$20.00 For Gobblers - $15.00 For Hens - Eggs $1.00 Each 

Supplying Oame Preserves and Zoological Gardens a Specialty 



In writing to advertisers please mention The Game Breeder or sign your letters: "Yours for More Game." 



THE GAME BREEDER 



29 



READY FOR IMMEDIATE DELIVERY 

ELK-DEER-BUFFALO 

We supply more big game than all other dealers 
combined. WHY ? Because fto order is too large 
for us to fill, ajid our prices for first-class stock 
are the lowest. Be sure to get otir quotations 
before buying. 

QUAIL, PARTRIDGES, PHEASANTS, SWANS, CRANES, STORKS, FLAMINGO S 
DUCKS, GEESE, PELICANS, PEAFOWLS, PARROTS, CAGE, ORNAFIENTAL 

and GAME BIRDS of all kinds. 






PARK AND ME^NAGERIE. ANIMALS 

FOXES, BEAVER, MINK, MARTIN, RACCOONS, SKUNKS, MUSKRATS, FERRETS^ 
SQUIRRELS, RABBITS, HARES and PET STOCK of ail kinds. 



Complete Illustrated Catalogue, lo Cents. ' 
Price Lists Free. 




Home's Zoological Arena Co. 

^, Kansas City, Mo. 





Wild Water Fowl 

"Our Specialties." 

Wood Ducks, Mandarins, Wild Black Mal- 
lards for stocking game preserves, etc. 
Safe delivery guaranteed. $3.50 per pair. 
500 Canada Wild Geese, $8.00 to |10.00 per 
pair. Australian, South American, Car- 
olina Swans. 200 trained English Decoy 
Ducks, guaranteed Callers and Breeders, 
$4.00 per pair. Eggs, 15 for $2.00. For 
prices of other wild fowl apply to 

Wtl[AlTON WILD WATfR-fOWl fARMS 
Chintoteague Island, Virginia 



In writing to advertisers please mention The Game Breeder or sign your letttrs: "Yours for More Game." 



30 



THE GAME BREEDER 




■Tl 



FREE 



Catalogues that 

will be of 
Great Interest 



TO YOU 







If you are a Sportsman, Hunter, Fisher- 
man, Motorist, Camper or Canoeist, you 
cannot enjoy to the fullest, the possibili- 
ties of your chosen sport without the 
information contained in our catalogues. 

They are far more than mere cata- 
logues — they are text books of outdoor 
life — full of information of the keenest 
interest to yoUt which you can get in no 
other way. 



OUR GENERAL CATALOGUE contains illustrated departments 
treating fully of tents, sleeping equipment, folding camp furniture, 
lighting devices, knives, cooking outfits, special axes, camp stoves, 
compasses, packs and packing, mountain climbing equipment, special 
outing clothes for men and women, special sportsmen's and women's 
footwear, canoes, winter sports, firearms, concentrated foods, etc., 
etc. Write for catalogue now. 

OUR FISHING TACKLE CATALOGUE illustrates and fully de- 
scribes the different methods of fishing and how to select your outfit 
of rods, reels, lines, flies, artificial bait, lures, spoons and hooks, fly 
books, minnow traps and seines, baskets, rod cases and the 
thousand and one little accessories for all styles of fishing, 

OUR GOODS ARE STANDARD THE WORLD OVER 

On Monday, April 22dy we will open the doors of the new 
Abercrombie & Fitch Building, at 53-55-57 West 36th Street, 
just half way between Broadway and Fifth Avenue. 



ABERCROMBIE & FITCH CO. 

53-55-57 WEST 36th Street, New York 

EZRA H. FITCH, President Establiihed 1892 



.J 



In writing to advertisers please mention The Game Breeder or sign your letters: "Yours for More Game." 



THE GAME BREEDER 31 



r ^ 

ABERCROMBIE & FlTCH CO. 

53-55-57 W. 36th STREET 
NEW YORK 



Supplies for Game Breeders 
and Game Preserves . . . 



We are prepared to supply preserve owners and game breeders 
with appliances of all sorts. 

We can furnish everything necessary for the construction of 
pens, traps used to catch vermin, guns especially suit- 
able for game-keepers and ammunition for the gun room. 

.We supply many preserve owners, game clubs and breeders 
and are in close touch with those who know most about 
the subject. 

WRITE US FOR ESTIMATES. 



On Monday, April 22d, we will open the doors of the new 
Abercrombie & Fitch Building at 53-55-57 West 36th Street, 
just half way between Broadway and Fifth Avenue. 



ABERCROMBIE & FITCH CO. 

53-55-57 West 36th Street, New York 

In writing to advertisers please mention The Game Breeder or sign your letters: '■Yours (or More Game." 



\ 



MCZ ERNST MAYR LIBRARY 




3 2044 118 637 099 




32 



THE GAME BREEDER 



Wants, For Sale and Exchange 



Announcements inserted under this head in small type 
for 2C. per word. If displayed in heavy type, 5c. per 
word. No advertisement accepted for less than 30c. 
Postage stamps accepted in payment. 

THE GAMB BREEDER CO.. 

150 Nassau Street, New York City 

PHEASANT EGGS FOR SALE—EVERYTHING IN 
the Pheasant famiiv. For particulars address, BUCK- 
WOOD PHEASANTRIES, Dunfield, Warren Co., N. J. 

CHINESE PHEASANTS BV THE HUNDREDS FOR 
stocking preserves. Liberal discount on orders booked 
for the Fall delivery. Safe arrival guaranteed. THE 
RICH PHEASANTRY, Salem, Ore. 

WILD CELERY, WILD DUCKS' BEST NATURAL 
Food. Attracts waterfowl. Plant it in your preserve. 
Seed f 7.50 per bushel. Orders now booked for fall ship- 
ment. Write for circular. CLYDE B. TERRELL, 
Oshkosh, Wis . Route 5 



WILD CELERY, FOXTAIL GRASS SEED AND 
other duck food. Success certain. Bay bird shooting 
August. September and October. Like it was thirty years 
ago at Cape Cod and Long Islano. Ducks, geese and 
swan shooting in season. All kinds winged wild fowl. 
R. B. WHITE, Waterlily, Currituck County, N. C. 



PHEASANTS OK ALL SPECIES. WE BREED 
the rare Impevan and other fancy species; also ring- 
necks Write for illustrated booklet. H. W. MYERS, 
Tacoma, Wash. 



FOR SALE.— HAND RAISED PURE WILD MAL- 
lard Ducks. $3.00 pair; Pearl Guineas, $2. so pair; also 
Exhibition Barred Rocks. GLEN PALMER, Yorkville, 
111. 



ORNAMENTAL PHEASANTS, DUCKS, PEAFOWL, 
Pigeons, Ferrets If interested, send for list. JOHN 
DOWNHAM, Strathroy, Ontario, Can. 

LIVE QUAIL FOR STOCKING SUPPLIED FROM 
the Clitlon Game Park, South Scituate, Rhode Island. 
For particulars, write JAM F.S McKINLEY, Mgr. 



Wild Ducks and Wild Geese 

ALL KINDS 
IN FIRST CLASS SHAPE 

Also Cranes in Season 



Write for Prices 
GEO. J. KLEIN 

Eflinwood, Kansas 



SHOOTING IN THE SAND HILLS 
OP SOUTH CAROLINA 

Are you satisfied with 60 to 70 quail a day ? 
Then come to Cheraw. Write now and secure 
accomniodations for the fall. 

I will guarantee a week's shooting that will 
give you something to think about during the 
long winter evenings. 

Through express trains from New York via 
the Atlantic Coast Line. 

BRYAN F. ROBESON, Cfaeraw, South Carolina 




THE CLIFIOH GHPIE PHBIl 

FINE QUAIL 

For Stocking Game Preserves. 

Wild Ducks, Pheasants, Partridges, 
Rabbits, and all species of wild game. 



FOR PARTICULARS WRITE 

JAMES McKINLEY, Mgr., 

South Scituate RHODE ISLAND 



In writing to advertisers please mention The Game Breeder or sign your letters: "Yours for More Game." 




Solid-breechi 
Hammerless 



The Remin^lon cub has a curve of beauty too ! 

Solid-breech Hammerless Side-Ejecting 

Sure Safe Shooting for Man or Boy — And a Simple Rifle to Care For 

The Remington- UMC .22 Repeater is rifled, sighted and tested for accnracy by expert 
gunsmiths. It shoots as you hold. The simple, improved safety device on every 
Remington- UMC .22 Repeater never fails to work. Accidental discharge is impossible. 

The Remington- UMC .22 Repeater is easily cared for. In taking down, your fingers 
are your only tools. The breech block, firing pin and extractor, come out in one piece 
— permitting the barrel to be cleaned from the breech. 

The action handles .22 short, .22 long or .22 long rifle cartridges — any or all at the 
same time without adjustment. Mix them as you will you cannot clog the action. 
Ask your dealer to quote you prices on this small game and target rifle to-day. 
Remington- UMC — the perfect shooting combination 
REMINGTON ARMS-UNION METALLIC CARTRIDGE CO., 299 Broadway, New York City 



QUAIL BREEDING 



FOR SPORT AND 
FOR PROFIT 



By DWIQHT W. HUNTINGTON 

Author of 
"IN BRUSH, SEDGE AND STUBBLE," " OUR FEATHERED GAME," 
"OUR BIG GAME," "OUR WILD FOWL AND WADERS," 
Editor of THE GAME BREEDER. 

THE CONSERVATION SOCIETY takes pleasure in announc- 
ing for publication in the fall, Mr. Huntington's book, QUAIL 
BREEDING. The book will be somewhat similar to Our 
Wild Fowl and Waders. It will discuss the experiments of many 
breeders, including the author, some of whom have been remarkably- 
successful. Places where thousands of quail are shot annually will be 
described and illustrated, with some original drawings by the author, 
and many photographs. There will be a remedial chapter, in which 
the needed amendments to some of the state laws will be discussed 



THE GAME CONSERVATION SOCIETY, publishers. 150 Nassau St,, New York 



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Telephone 4900 Chelsea 



Cable Address : Silz - New York 




Commission Mercliant and Deaier in Foreign and Domestic 

POULTRY MS GAME 



r|t^-:gjiJ^^> 







HOTELS, CLUBS, RESTAURANTS 
AND STEAMSHIPS SUPPLIED 



We are prepared under the new law recently enacted in New York, to supply 
our customers with live game for propagation and with game for the table. The 
new law provides that we may sell pheasants, mallards, black ducks and venison 
reared by game breeders, and also the following species of imported game ; 

Imported Pheasants, of all species Imported Scotch Grouse 

" Black Game " Black Plover 

" Redleg Partridge " Egyptian Quail 

Imported Venison 



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414-416-4L8_West_i4th Street 



Near Ninth Avenue 



NEW YORK